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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
December 30, 1943     Golden Valley News
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December 30, 1943
 
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< GOLDEN VALLEY NEWS THURSDAY, DECEMBER 30, Kicking Nazis From Greenland] Vital.war information was reaching Germany from a post not far from the North American continent. A Nazi radio and weather base was operating in the Arctic off the coast of Greenland. It was solidly built and its occul~nts, hidden by blizzards and arctic wastes, expected to remain permanent- ly. But the Nazis were surprised by vigilant Danes who spotted the base, battled its occupants and got word to the United States. Soon U. S. troops smashed the Nazi nest. The campaign is shown in the following sketches by Norman Thomas, combat "artist, and photographs taken at the base. Coastguardsmen and soldiers go ashore from a cutter. Guns of the cutter cover the landing. This landing was preceded by a heroic fight by Danish hunters, one ot whom was killed by the Nazis. Another Dane, who was captured, acted as a guide for the Nazis. But at his first chance this Dane seized the commander of the base and delivered him to U. S. custody. Top: Reconnaissance patrol is left be. hind to occupy landing base camp and watch for any enemy landing attempts. Bottom: Coastguardsmen and soldiers ,charge in skirmish formation toward the Nazi radio base just beyond the hills. Besides a radio station, the enemy post included a power house, emergency generator, machine gun emplacements and food caches. Top: Another view of U. S. troops. Bottom left: Taking a Nazi prisoner. Bottom right: Searching for further signs of the enemy. Scotch Customs Brought to U. S. "Should auld acquaintance be forgot, And never brought to mind?" There may be no way of proving whether or not Robert Burns was thinking of New Year's Eve when he wrote "Auld Lang Syne"; how- ever, two things are certain: the Scotch have always made a big fuss over New Year's and no American celebration thereof would be com- plete without this traditiona~ bit of Scottish verse. In Scotland, the wassail bowl went 'round at New Year's time. Tradi- tionally, the custom originated when Rowena, daughter of Hengist, pre- sented Prince Vortigren with a bowl of wine and the salutation, "Lord King, wass-hael," or literally, "To your health." The prince drained the bowl with one draught, returned the maiden's salutation by immedi- ately falling in love with her, and the two lived happily ever after. The wassail bowl itself was an ornament of graceful design--deco- rated with branches of greenery that formed a canopy over it. The mix- lure within was warm and included ale, sugar, and nutmeg or ginger; highly spiced, sweetened wine was a~lded by hosts who could afford it. On New Year's Eve at the stroke of 12 the head of the household, toasting his family and friends, sipped the mixture and then passed it to the others present. Sometimes, the party would pile into a wagon or sleigh and, carrying kettlefuls of the beverage, buns, cheese, etc., would stop at various houses throughout the community. The refreshments went around a~ each "stop" and nobody got home till morning. Why New Year Starts In Middle of Winter Why does the year start in the middle of winter? Perhaps the most valid reason is *.hat the first day of January is con- veniently near an annually recur- ring celestial landmark--the earth's perihelion, or point of closest ap- proach to the sun. It's a fact that in the dead of the northern winter, due to our planet's elliptical orbit, we are a few hundred miles closer ~o the solar disk than on the hottest day in summer. New Year day doesn't exactly hit the mark. On or about January 4 the center of gravity of the earth. moon system is nearest the center of gravity of the sun. That is, two imaginary points are closest togeth- er. One is at approximately the cen- ter of the sun and remains constant through the ages. One is about 2,000 miles below the surface of the earth, Happy New Year! Glsdya Benson, the "Girl of a New Day," emerges from a huge globe in s New York ballroom to wish everyone the happiest kind of a New Year. New Year's of 1863 Important Historically One of the most important New Year's day receptions ever held in the White House was that of Janu- ary 1, 1863, and it was significant because of a momentous event which took place immediately after. wards. Abraham Lincoln had drawn up his Emancipation Proclamation, had read it to his cabinet and had won their approval of this document which would commit the govern- ment irrevocably to the destruction of slavery. At noon William H. Seward. secretary of state, brought the proclamation to Lincoln for his signature. "I have been shaking hands since' nine o'clock this morning and my right hand is almost paralyzed," Lincoln told him. "If my name ever goes into history it will be for this act, and my whole soul is in it. If my hand trembles when I sign, all who examine the docu- ment hereafter will say: 'He hesi- tated.' " Saying that he signed-- but those who look upon the signa- ture on that historic document now say that it was written as boldly. as firmly and as unfalteringly as any ever signed "A. Lincoln." New Year mad Old Oh, New Year--Leave the olden Joys to me! The sturdy faiths, the shining loy- alty Of friends the long and searching years have proved-- The glowing hearth fires and the books I lovedl All wonted kindnesses and welcom. lug-- All sure, h~rd trodden paths to which I ellngl With all the strange new blessedness you bring. Never Again! One New Yeax's resolution-to watch that dietX--lsn't going to be broken. At least not yell Rut there are 364 more days to go. Only time will tell Many Historical 'Firsts' Fall on New Year's Day Among the events of historic sig- nificance which have ~aken place on January 1, one of the most beloved to Americans occurred in 1776. It was then that Gen. George Washington raised over his camp at Cambridge, Mass., a flag which, al- though it had the Union Jack in the canton, had the 13 alternate red and white stripes, representing the 13 colonies. This flag was referred to in the correspondence of the day as the "American colors," and may safely be regarded as the first Amer- ican flag. Since the 13 colonies rep- resented in the 13 stripes, although fighting for their rights, had not yet broken entirely away from the moth- er country, the British Union Jack was retained to show their connec- tion with England. Six months lat- er, however, the ties which bound them were severed by the Declara- tion of Independence, and then the need for a new banner resulted in the doing away with the Union Jack. Then came the historic resolution of June 14, 1777, the stars were placed in the canton and the flag of the United States became the Stars and Stripes. The War of 1812 saw another im- pcvtant event taking place on New Year's day. For it was on January 1, 1815, that the British made their first attack on New Orleans, and a week later occurred the decisive engage- ment in which "Old Hickory" Jack- son so decisively defeated Paken- ham's veterans. On January I, 1822, the first Amer- ican settlers arrived in Texas, an event which forecast the struggle for a second war of independence in North America and the addition of the Great Southwest to the United States. On January 1, 1831, William Lloyd Garrison, the Abolitionist, published the first issue of the Lib~ erator. Egyptians First To Measure Time 1582 Gregorian Calendar Universally Adopted. Astronomers, geologists, and sci- entists estimate the age of the earth at approximately three or four bil- lion years. However, the Egyptians were ap- parently the first to figure out any exact measurement of time. They were astronomers, besides having the Nile which overflowed pretty reg- ularly every 365 days. As a result, they divided the 365 days into 12 pe- riods of 30 days each and added the remaining 5 days to the last period or months. Historians have accred- ited the Egyptian calendar as hav- ing been established some 4.000 years before the birth of Christ. Now, the Babylonians, having no Nile to assist them in their calcula- tions, fitted up a lunar calendar ac- cording to the observation that a new moon appeared about every 29 days and that the passage of 12 moons brought the star clusters into the same position again accompanied by a corresFonding season of warmth. The resultant lunar calendar soon proved to be about 11 days short of the solar year, necessitating the addition ot extra days. Julius Caesar detested inefficien- cy. So. he tackled the calendar and called the Alexandrian scientist, So. sigenes, to his assistance. Sosige- nes explained the differences be- tween the solar and the lunar years. As a result, the Julian calendar di, vided the year into 12 solar months --the sum of which totaled 365 days with an extra day added every three or four years. Grant's Reception Ulysses S. Grant was severely criticized by the pubt/c in regard to a New Year's reception al the White House. Because of the death of Mrs. Belknap. wife of his secretary of war. he cancelled the function. ,Thereupon Washington gos- sips declared it was a bad breach of international good manners for the the foreign dipl to pay their respects of the Amer. ican nation. Bethlehem's Star Puzzle Scientists Theories Are Advanced for Celestial Guide. What was the "Star of Bethlehem" that bazed in a midnight sky and led the Three Wise Men to the Christ Child's humble bed in a stable out- side Jerusalem? Science does not know. There is no such star now and all the evi- dence astronomers have been able to assemble throws no actual light on the subject. However, Miss Maude Bennot, director of the Adler Planetarium in Chicago. says astronomers "do not refute" the story of solemn beauty and simplicity which has endured 2,000 years: "... and lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was."--St. Matthew. The "Star of Bethlehem" has in- trigued students of infinite space for many centuries. Many Theories Advanced. Miss Bennot said: "Astronomers cannot be accused of not trying to solve t~e problem the story presents. But all efforts have failed to reveal the 'Star of Bethlehem' was an actual star. "In the first place, stars do not 'stand still.' They appear to make a processional nightly across the heavens. But of course it is the earth which is moving." Among the many theories to ac. count for the "Star of Bethlehem" is that of a German named Edeler who announced after years of study that the Star was in his opinion, actu- ally the conjunction of two bright planets moving in the same direc- tion, creating one very brilliant image. May Have Been 'Nova.' Miss Bennot said: "It also might have been a 'nova,' or new star. They shine with great brilliance for a few days, then van- ish. "There was a conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn about December 15 in 7 B. C., and since the exact year of Christ's birth is a matter of dispute, that may have been what the Three Wise Men saw. "Another possibility is that it was Halley's comet which reaches, its zenith about December 25 over Beth- lehem." Miss Bennot believes that the brightest of all planets, Venus, which is seen as a star, most nearly ful- fills the Wise Men's description of their celestial guide to the humble birthplace of Christ. Just Star Gazing. ~he said: "It always is near the sun. It is seen only in the early morning, and now rises about three hours ahead of the sun--in the east, of course. Many who see it may believe they are gazing upon the 'Star of Bethle- hem.' " The brightest of all stars, Sirius, now is visible crossing the sky most of the night, and many also may take that for the holy star, Miss Bennot said. She concluded: "It appears foolish to try to au- thenticate the story scientifically." Good Friends _o There's a benign look In Santa's eye as he looks over pictures of his very good friends, the boys In the armed services of their country. They axe the last ones he would neg- lect. Yule Trees in Water Hold Needles Longer If a Christmas tree is set in water when it first comes into the house and is kept in water while it is part of the Christmas decoration, it will remain fresh and green for at least a /week longer. Water should be replaced as it evaporates. If the base of a Chmstmas tree is trimmed with a sharp knife just before it is mounted, the pores will be left open, allowing water to rise in the stem to the Iiwng cells which are still try- ing to provide the tree with food and moisture. Felt Poinsettias Women who make their own Christmas cards will be additionally clever if they carry the theme of the cards into their home decora- tions. A felt poinsettia of red, yellow and green makes a pleasing Christmas card. The yellow felt center of the flower is surrounded by one-inch petals cut from red felt. The stem and two leaves are made of green. A Christmas greeting is written on the card with colored ink. Released by Western Newspaper DIGNITY OF LABOR AND RECENT COAL STRIKE AS A MEANS of comparison, suppose all the coal mines of nation were the property of man. The nation is at war. an absolute necessity for the duct of the war, but the man owns the mines sees in the peril an opportunity of killing for himself. He advances the price of coal. The ernment refuses to pay or nize the increased price. The er closes all mines and the and its war industries are at a still. Under such conditions, such a result, the American would mete out dire vengeance that coal m~.ne owner. Should one man, or a group men, control all the farm lands the nation and refuse to permit production of food unless their mands were complied with, the of such man, or men, con be imagined. What is the difference between man owning all the coal mines closing them, and one man ling all the men who mine coal using the peril of the nation as club with which to enforce his mands, is a question the people are asking. Such a not help to preserve the dignity~ labor. WHERE EXTRA I~IONEy IS BEING SP!:NT THE INCC~?E o~ the Arneric people is mere than double it was in 192,~-d0. After taxes, which take upward of 20 lion, how is the remaining billion being spent? The Economics bureau of the ern National Life Insurance pany spent much time and in securing an answer to that tion. The survey, made the nation, indicated the largely goes to the women for items as dresses, furs. amusements. In the stores creased sales have been on the per floors and not in the basements. The purchase of garments is up over 200 per c~ They credit the women with a siderable portion of the 17 dollar increase in the sale of ing cards. The women are a considerable part of the income so why should they not it as they wish? RENEGOTIATION OF WAR CONTRACTS IN WORLD WAR I they "cost plus 10 per cent." In war they call it "renegotiation." price of war products is by the cost, to which is added per cent for profit. When the ducer shows an increased they make a new contract at a price. There is no motive to the cost down, but there is a 13 cent profit on every additional of cost, That is quite an for paying employees more for employing more people, anything else that will increase ! cost of the product the is buying. It is a difference in and 3 per cent better than "cost plus 10 per cent" for the ducer. STILL MOUNTING COSTS OF GOVERNMENT ACTIVITY AS A MEANS of conserving power and furthering the war we might include, as one of manded sacrifices, many of frills of government. We could comfortably return to the sire of the early years of the when government employees sented only a few hundred when the cost of all activities amounted to less than billion dollars a year. Now upwards of four million civilian eminent emp!oyees, and an cost for civilian activit:. ~ :' ' more than seven times t]: of those past years. FARM P, ESI~ENTS HAVE MANY ADVENT,'' "; PEOPLE LIVING in ~: centers can appree!ate today much m6re yah:able than food, fuel and s~e:~er. In ters money will net always adequate su[.'ply of thc.~e There is not always sufficient heating fuel or h~ses to meet needs. That is where farmtng, as a business but as a way of has an advantvge. On the there may not be but is food, the wood lot and the farm home ter. These things can, greater value than the high pald in industrial plants. RUSSIA SAYS she will a separate peace with She will make goecl on that She will have no dealings Nazi government. But wh~t the situation be if the commanders should offer to der unconditionally to might happen. much nearer al surrender terms, as to the German England or the United ! unconditional surrender of to Russia could create mLcupl~