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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
November 7, 1935     Golden Valley News
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November 7, 1935
 
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THE REACH REVIEW Join Gulf of Mexico and Sea Made , Task. Washington.--Stea m shovels are helmeted Spaniards ~ugh silent, tangled search of the Fountain of tall masts eventually may pines In Florida's forests: for the new ship ca- ius been begun. f the canal Is completed as freighters, proud pan. Hners, and even grim war craft = the seven seas will steam through on which in bygone days lndisns and gold-crazed eanoe~," National Geographic society. engines and deep-throated the silence In quiet only the occasional or the brilliant colony disturbed a convenient short cut" the Atlantic ocean the.Gulf of Mexico, the canal is of rlvers~thc and the Therefore, although waterway will be less than half to be dug by hu- agencies. Mother nature, the already has excavated Boats have all three fly- , will connect Rout@. ~100-mile waterway at Suez, will be a sea-level o the huge locks and 'cuts' necessary Canal building Is compara- for the highest Is less than two- of the Washington most of the state is a few feet above the ocean. the Atlantic. Ships will enter versatile Jack- ~xPorts range from oyster shells, chickens' digestions I only 25 miles from Flor- is the state's city, Its industrial center, and J city, the gatewy to playground, a Miami beach Peter~urg on the other sontheru re. first chins appear this 'sun- canal route. This Is the St. Johns river, which strangely enough in so fiat a region, flows due north 125 miles before reaching the sea. "A sluggish stream~lt drops only 70 feet in 100 miles---the St. Johns carries a large wa~er-borne commerce to Jacksonville. "Palatks, bUSy little shipping sen. ter on the upper St. Johns, Is now the head of navigation for ocean vessels. Palatka's lumber piles, seen from the sir, resemble a city In themselves. and the city boasts What is believed to be the only camphor plantation In the United States. Farther up- stream, near Welaka, the new canal will turn southwestward along the narrow, winding course of the Ockla- waha river, a tributary ~f the St. John~ " Throu0h Pine Forests. '~uch of the country through which the ~anal will pass consists of pine forests, many already cut over, for lumbering is a leading Florida indus- try. "Leaving the Ocklawaha, the canal will cut across to the Wlthlacoochee, 'Little Big River' of the Indlaps, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico. Navi- gable now for 60 miles by boats of shallow draft, the Wlthlacoochee car- ties cargoes of fish, oysters, farm pro- ear a minutg. Jacksonville south, ocean 64 miles of to be part of the Is Due to Fear, Doctor Says |,000 person may go through "Shocks of op- positional environment" in childhood or adult life. anff not have his speech are beins affected, while another apparentLY nor- a year In real Individual the "potential stutterer type," comes out stuttering, or with some similar speech disorder. ' The clinic createsnew environment for the second type, teaches hlm~to "acquire emotional stability," gives him new self-assurance, and by cemposlte therapy, including Individual and group medical, psychological, psychiatric, so. clal~ and educational ~tments, turns him to normal J~,lal" condition." Footl~|l--~ Star B~.ome= ~ Mighty Alaskan Hunter San Francisco, Cattf.--Herbert Feis. In all cares ehaeker, who used to be a football no mechanical difficulty, at Stanford university, was tell- certain tO stories to h~ friends of his thrill- Ing adventures In Alaska, from where he hail Just returned. The stories were almost nUbelIev- Doctor G4"eene but Herbert's. friends believed them because he showed them some ~ames S. Greene, medical direr- for Speech ~ong-accept- a report Oresne fonnd, don't , talk: all they need is "f r rid of some hidden ea com- Flattery Now Bait Collectors Favor Mllwankee.--The bill collectors in these prxts@ave thought up a new way to catch you at home. A dulcet professional voice calls on the telephone and asks the name of your favorite radio program. A check, says the voice, is being made on the popularity of broadcasts. Will you be listening to that pro- gram tonight? Thrilled by this attention, you promise to listen in at a certain hour. When that time comes, a bill collector Is ringing the front door bell. dace and lumber down to the sea. "Happy days may be In store again for Port Inglls, at the Withlacoochee's mouth, scheduled to be the canal's Gulf terminus. Port Inglls prospered In past days when large cargoes of phosphate rock moved down the With. lacoochee" but In late years the rock has been largely shlppedEast by rail and the town has declined." Dog Jumps From Fifth Floor and Walks Away Hollywood, Callf.~Attempted suicide police reported after a large, unldenti. fled police dog made a running Jump Iron? the fifth floor of Radio Station KGFJ, landed In a truck of rubbish parked at the curb, recovered bin com. posure, walked away. Cuba Honors Admiral Grayson Dr. Domingo Romeu y Jalme (left), prusident of the Cuban Red Cros, presenting a Cuban Red Crass decoration to Admiral Cary T, Grayaon, head of the American Red C.~o~ at his office In Washington. Moby,Dick Role _.That Upon Young-Fmherman Vineyard Haven, Mass.--Wilfred Pratt, twenty-five-year-old fisherman, re-en- acted the leading role at Moby Dick while swordflshlng. Pratt was to bring the swordfish back to the mother boat after it had been harpooned~ and fired. His line became entangled about his feet In the dory when he esme alongside a fish Just caught. ~ fi~fll dived suddenly and dragged Pratt with it. After he had been recovered from several fathoms of water he had no idea how far he went down before he cut himself loose. FLUSSER LAUNCHED over. which~lnterfere with 'YOu can talk ' d can. An I prove it to Oreene describes how one In the Alaskan wlld~ Demand for Horses Is Ottawa, Ont,~The comeback in (3snada. The 'Flus~r, one of "thW The Canadian department of aSH- new 1,500-ten destroyers, is that demands for here sliding down the and lug launched ads has lag company in Commander Charles W. Fluuer, who was killed in 1864, when hit. shll~ the Miami, engaged the Cow federate Ircmclad Albemarie. q 20,000 Americans Without a Country" By WILLIAM C. U.TLEY THE time: A few months from now. Giant Clipper No. 7 of the Pan-Amerlcan Airways splits the eal~ air with her great wings 130 feet from tip to tip. Her tour, 3,200- horse power engines drone smoothly as they bear their burden of 30 or 55 tons out over the broad Paciflf, while you and I and 48 oth#rs aboard turn for a last look at the California shore fading late the distance behind us. It will be 18 hours before we feel our feet on solid ground again, for the next possible landing place Is 2,400 miles a~vay~Honolulu, the "crossroads of the PaCific." We are bound on one of the regular scheduled trips over the new airway to Chlna~to China In three chys l Although there Is no land for hun- dreds of miles, a radio beam holds us to our course as surely as though we :.: :i~..: Ocean were making the trip in a Subway tffbo. When we are r~dy to go to bed~and we will be before we reach Kawaii---our seats are converted into berths as comfortable as those in a transcontinental railroad train. This is literally "sleeping on clouds." We're not going to miss much by sleeping, for there Is nothing to see at this stage of the Journey but water. Besides, there is so much ahead of us. Our trip, this time, has a double purpose: To experience the thrill of crossing the Pacific in less time than tt took to cross the American conti- nent a few years ago---and to visit what is one of the most unusual spots of the United States apd its posses. slons. It 'is the Island of Guam, one of Ah~erlca's farthest outposts, and a land whose population Is "in a fix," as we shall s~e presently. Our arrival at Hawaii Is spectacular in Its very uneventfulness. There is a short stopover so we can stretch our legs---possibly limber up In the surf at the glorious beach of Walkikl, and then we are off again, over the pine- apple fields and the sugar cane, with Pesl harbor disappearing beyond our stern horizon as California did yes- terday. Midway Island. ten hours away, Is our next st~p, but this time the hop Is not so lonely. We soon approach fhe ls]tand of Kaual, Whoso 500 Inches of rainfall make It the wettest spot In the world; we skirt Rs 4,000-foot green mountain range, topped by the peak of Walaleale. There are more is- lands now~Napal[, with Its cliffs ris- Ing from the sea 2,000 feet like great white walls; Nllhau. a plateau with volcanic craters at either end ; Kaula, which looks like a loaf of bread a lit- tle overdone tO a dark brown: Nlhoa, with the grass.grown remains of what were once ~ardan terraces and home- e~tes for wandering Polynesian adven. lurers who ease here to fish and hunt. An Island Mystery. There are more Islands. some of them, like Necker, being merely the tips of volcanoes poking their mouths up out of 'the sea. On Necker are many peculiar rows of terraces, wlth upright stones bordering their edges in orderly mystery. Who left them here and why? Nobody knows. Mys- teries like this are not unusual to the South seas; there are the grotesque and inealallesble statues of Easter IS- land, for instance. Mote of these volcanic islands, with t~elr bases 18,000 feet down under the sea, pass below us. There Is Lay. un Island. fiat and barren, white and empty where former forests and vege- ~n have given way to the onslaught of guano diggers, poachers and rab- bits. We ~pass Pearl and Hermes reef and soon swoop dewn upon MidWay Island. I~ Is only a short while until we hop off for Wake island. 1.200 miles south- west of Midway, and reach It after a trip unbroken by anything out of the ordinary. At Wake our thirsty engines take on a new supply of fuel. And the next stop, 'after 1,564 miles of flying, Guam. As we glide down upon Apra her- boa" on the northwest coast of Guam we are coming to rest within the con- fines of the utrbellevttble--an absolut~ monarchy within the United States. In the 37 years it has belonged to us Guam has become in many ways like other parts of our country and Its pes- tmssions. There are movie theaters where the dyed-in-the-wool fans rave over the darling dimples of Shirley Temple. Islandsr~ Political Plight. There are housewives who wrestle With electric refrigerator trays to lib- erate ice cubes which will cool the drinking water at their dinner tables. Btreamlined automobiles speed over lmaooth paved roads. Telephone and telegraph quicken the business and social world. Yet these citizens of Guam---20,000 tf t~em---!mve no ~ete, no voice at all In their government. They may be born in this dtstav~t corner of the Unit. there all their lives; "a}leglance to the the :republic for furthern~e, never eltisens of the United Two sailors, stationed-at Guam, out for a walk around their barracks (nothing elsa to do!). Guam, stop-off point on the air route to the Orient, shown on the map above, is governed by the navy. Inset: Pan American Airways new Clipper Ship No. 7, largest plan@ ever built In America. They are ruled by the iron hand of a United States naval officer appointed by the President; so far this type of rule has been Just sad wise and nn- denlably beneficial, nevertheless the governor is as much an absolute mon- arch as were any of the kings of old. [-Ils word is the only law. Queerly enough, Uncle Sam's gobs under his control perform every governmental and administrative duty from Judging criminal cases to blowing traffic whis- tles, yet none of them have any real naval duties at all Arriving at Guam we have covered 6,500 miles since leaving California. Let us see where we are now. Some 1,700 miles from Manila. The nau- tical position Is given as 130 degrees 26 minutes north latitude and 144 de grees 40 minutes east longitude. Our Island is larger than Samoa or the Virgin Islands. It is an oasis of 150 square miles In the watery desert of the Pacific. It Is 29 miles long and from three to ten miles wide. It Is hilly In the south portion, with one )eak, bit. Jumullong Mangloc rlsl~g 1,274 feet. The northern part Is a coral plateau, 300 feet high In the In- terior, but facing the sea with bold, 600-foot cliffs. There are several oth- er fairly good harbors besides Apts. It Is heavily forested with valuable hard- woods and the soil is fertile. Nature Mingle= With Civllisation. Despite the presence of the many scientific Improvements of our own civilization which have' been fostered under the American rule, the charm of nature is everywhere to be found. Water buffaloes pulling native carts are frequently to be seen. There are native villages consisting of one long street of houses with sweeping ver- andas, perched upon posts" The native population is chiefly Cbamorros; there are a few Tagaloa and Malays" Stretching out lute the hills beyond the capital city, Agana. where two- thirds of the island's people live, are fields of sugar, rice, tobacco and pine- apple. In the river valleys are cacao. coffee and indigo. Water buffalo and Imported horses help with the farm- Ing, which is the principal industry of Guam. It is somewhat appropriate that the navy should govern Guam. which is a forbidden naval preserve, although It boasts no fortresses, harbors no guns and withholds no secrets of a military nature. For it was the navy that first claimed the Island for Uncle Sam. That was on June 26, 1898. The Spanish governor dtd not know that the war was on. When Capt. Henry Glass sailed the cruiser Charleston. in- to Apra harbor and bogan~throwin g dreadfully earnest shells right through the tops of the coconut trees, the govo eruor, probably already acqualnted with American sailors, thought the boys were ~ust out for a good time and apologized for not being able to return the salute, sines he was all out of powder and had to walt until some of his subordinate seners could dash down to the corner drug store and get some. He soon found out that the American navy was playing .this game "for keeps" and we bav~ kept the Pacific prize ever since. Pres- ident McKinley dtreeted the navy to administer the island government two Weetm utter It was awarded to the U~ States In the treaty of Pats, Deeembe~ 10, 1898. a~d the nav~has earn citizenship by merely staying In their part of the United States. ot even by coming to the mainland and residing there for the period of yeare which would orffinarlly be sufficient for naturalization. Denby Was Responsible. The late Edwin Denby attended to that in a proclamation made nearly thirteen years ago, whe~ he was see- retary of the navy. His "court mar. tlal order," which has never been re- scinded, was: ~Whlle a native of Guam owes per. potual allegiance to the United States, he Is not a citisen thereof, nor is he an alien, and there are no previsions under which he may become a citizen of the United States by naturalization." Iron!cally enough, the only country to which the inhabitant of Guam owes allegiance Is the one country of which he cannot become a citizen. The entire island of Guam we are told upon landing there In Clipper No. 7, is a "closed port." The navy gov- ernor's permission must be given be- fore any foreign vessel can tle up at the docks. We had to have special permission to land here, for nobody, foreigner or American, lands here with- out the governor's O. K. No one san get off the island, either, without the approval of that same august gentle- man. Even natives have to have his permission to go. @uam is the largest Island of the Marianne archipelago; the rest of the Mariannes are owned by Japan. We once considered Guam an Important naval base in the Pacific front stretch- ins from the Philippines to Alaska, but after the Versailles treaty the de- fenses of Guam proved Irritating to the Japanese and we removed them. The navy had a little more than 90~ men at Guam before the treaty, but now there are only about 600. There Is s handful ot marlnes on the Island, under the command of a colonel; about two dozen of them are used for police. bat the others have n6thlng at all to do. No Crlmo Problem Here. There is little enough ueed for pc- lice on Guam, we find., There are only two lawyers there, and only one of the two gets enough buslnesa to make It profitable for him to take out a license to practice. Islanders are glven a good Ameri. can education: In fact, it Is compul- sory. There are business opportuni- ties there, in the Industries of burning lime and charcoal .and fishing and building, although most Inhabitants are farmers--small farmers: eseh fam- Ily has Its own lltlle plot of land. With little to do, the navy men sta- tioned there have devoted most of their time-to making all of the Indus- try of Gut's resemble that of the Unit- ed States in miniature. How well they have succeeded is doubtful, but every governor has tried It. If we visit Guam next year, a~ter the treaties expire, tt ie possible that we may m~ ~tbe Island better ftirtified~ This is not likely, however, since grist, ' ~. ins Pblllpplne lndepend~mce has left mt with little In the Far West to Or~ trot. ~fter a short stay In so tt place we climb for the long hop. beautiful alrport there