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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
August 29, 1935     Golden Valley News
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August 29, 1935
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l IIII I II I By Edwar- R". P ckard Mussolini Won't Give Up His Ethiopian Adventure 40 business leaders, sent to the Presl- MUSSOLINI Is determined to con- quer Ethiopia, and all Europe is trembling. Il dace evidently feels that his personal prestige is at stake, and to him that means the continuation of the Fascist regime. An- thony Eden and Pierre Laval offered Italy what would amount to a mandate over Halle Selassie's realm, but that was not enough, so the tri- power conference in Paris was declared ad- journed. The friend- Baron Alolsi ship between France and Italy must be ruptured. Great Brtt- sin will insist on action by the League of Nations council when it meets Sep- tember 4. There is no reason to believe that the council will do more than it did in the case of Japan's seizure of Manchuria, but it seemingly will be forced to denounce Italy's action, and that would be enough to Induce Mus- to withdraw his country from league. If and when Italy defies league, that pretentious body, Previously defied successfully by Japan and Germany, will amount to llttle- ~o wonder the statesmen of Europe are. Jittery. One high French official was quoted as saying that Europe "faces a crisis like that of 1914," and he admitted that "France must resign herself to losing Italy's friendship." Others in declared that France is now sol- |ally with England; After Baron Pompel Alolsi had sub- ~itted the Anglo-French proposition to llussolini and had received the duce's reply, he told Eden and Loyal that his master would be satisfied with nothing than "annexation of Ethiopia in Whole or in part." Loyal was furious and directly accused Mussolini of breaking-a personal promise made to ~him when he visited Rome. Eden : abruptly brought the conference to a close. In Addis Ababa the high priests of Ethiopia conducted a solemn serv~e, in the presence of the emperor, pr~,y- Ins for liberty and for deliverance from Whr with Italy. The head of the church maid: "God-will confound our enemies, Will break their lmarts and shatter their ~ ~caves in their hands." And in every church in the threatened country the ~atlves gathered and repeated these ~rayers. But in Italy Benito Mussolini as telling his fighting men, as they leparted for Africa, to disregard ev- erything but thelr duty to make war. he: "We are going forward until we achieve a Fascist empire. I know you Will do your duty with iron discipline and will not hesitate to make sacrifices all our goals have been aecom- l~llshed." :V~ill Rogers and Wiley Post :L~rought Home for Burial ROGERS and Wiley Post, crushed to death in Alaska When ~elr plane fell not far from Point :Barrow, were brought back to the for burial by Joe Crosson, their friend, In an airplane- And their countrymen stood figuratively bared and bowed heads as the bodies were laid to rest. None Was too great and none too lowly fo tribute in words ~and action to two fine Americans, one a be- comedian, humorist and philos- the other a leader among the aviators. They died as they adventuring gallantly, and is the poorer for their pass~ l~sh President's Program to Passage ROBINSON and other leaders in congress into a huddle with President on the legislative situation a~d the possibilities an adjournment Within a week or ten :~YS. They emerged With the knowledge ~t the Chief Execu- tive still insisted on passage of his list of bills. measures were to be: utilities bill, the measure, the Guf- t~oal stabilization Sen. Robinson the .ban against damage suits the government because of Its policy, alcohol control, Tennes- Authority act a to impose NRA labor standards firms which contract with the gore rivers and harbors legisla- the third deficiency bill, the oil measure to ratify state corn- at Dallas, railroad reor- legislation. on both the utilities the tax measure were being The former, it was re- Would direct the federal pew- decide which compa- hould be eliminated, but would avenues through which the to the dlssolutio~ dent a report urging strongly that the tax bill be deferred until the January session of congress, so that there might be time for the formulation of a care- fully considered tax program. The council i~cluded a defense of holding companies, asserting they have played an important part In the country's growth and "should not be rh~thlessly destroyed." This document was pigeon- holed at the White House. which was highly displeasing to the members of the council though they.should by this time be used to that treatment of their work. Victor Over New Dealer Takes His Seat in House WHEN Charles S. Risk, the Rhode Island lawyer who defeated the New Deal candidate for congress re. cently, entered the house on the arm of Representative Bertrand H. Snell. Republican leader, and was escorted to the speaker's rostrum to take the oath, he was vociferously greeted by the Republicans as a hero whose vic- tory they thought presaged great things for the party next year. Mr. Risk took his seat on his thirty-elght~ birthday. Republicans Make Awkward Demands in Lobby Probe MINORITY members of the senate and house committees that are investigating the doing of lobbyists started out the week ~vith the deter- mination to find out why Marvin H. MacIn. tyre, secretary to the Presldent; ; Lawrence W. Re.bert, Jr.; as. slstant secretary, of the treasury, and Amen G. Carter of Fort Worth, pub;lsher and i~iend of the Roosevelt family, were all found in the aparf- meat at the Shoreham B. B. Robinscn hotel of Bernard B, Robinson of Chicago, chief lobbyist of Assoclsted Gas and Electric com- pany. Mr. Robinson himself also was there, and. it was said when the door was opened at the knock of the ser- geant at arms of the senate a "scene of revelry" was disclosed. For a day or two the news of this affair was not sent out fro~a Washington by the news associations, reportedly beCause of the efforts of Mr. Carter to have It sup- pressed entirely. Thls, too, some of the investigators want explained. Republican members of the house committee also said fhey would insist on the interrogation of Undersecretary of the Interior Charles West and Emil HurJa, executive director of the Demo- national committee. West is re- putedly the President's lobbyist and HurJa acts-in a similar cap~city for Postmaster General" Farley, and both of them were involved with To~ Coi-- eorpn in the utilities "death sentence" lobbying that started the whole i~ quiry. Nye Admonishes Cuba to Pay Interest on Her Bonds SENATOR NYE of North Dakota hab spoken a word for the American investors in Cuban public works bonds, interest on which has been defaulted. The senator is chairman of a bond- holders' committee and he wrote a let- ter to Jose Manuel Casanova, presi- dent of the Cuban soclal-economlc un- ion which was in Washington as guests of the government. Mr. Nye contended that taxes had been collected for the specific purpose of meeting these obli- gations, and continued: "If your government were fln,~':clal- l~ unable to' pay our Citizens ,';~e i'~- terest that "is rightfully due ~!:em ~,n the $40,000,000 they invested I,~ Cuban public works bonds, we ~ 'uhl give sympathetic consideration ~, such situation. But this is not the case." Wheat Acreage Reduction Put at ~ Per Cent in 1936 SECRETARY of Agriculture Wallace has changed his mind about the re- duction of wheat acreage for 1936. In- stead of asking the farmers for a cut of 15 per cent, as was lounced recently, the figure Is now placed at 5 per cent. Wallace told report- ers that the change was decided upon af- ter the government's August 1 survey of crop conditions indi- cated that total wheat production this year would amount to only Sec'y Walts,e 608,000,000 bushels as compared with domestic requirements of 635,000,000 bushels. The Step was taken, he a~serted~ to assure ample supplies for domestic consumers. He said that it was ex- pected to place the country in a ,'strengthened position" in the export market. He added the change in pol- icy will not result in any marked re- ducUon In benefit payment to farmers III THE BEACH REVIEW I IIII I II I I I IU Lobby Probers Quarrel Over Witness Hopson RIVALS in the matter of publicity, the house and senate committees on the activities of lobbyists got into a tangle that certainly didn't enha..ce their dignity. How- ard C. Hopson, the long sought head of the Associated Gas and Electric Utilities system, permitted the emissary of the house committee to find him, and Senator Hugo Black flew into a rage and had his committee threaten Hopson with contempt proceedings unless he appeared be- H. C. Hopson fore it. Chairman O'Connor of the house body was angered by this and declared: "Hopson is In my custody. I've got hlm. Nobody else has got him. Nobody else is going to get him." Tlle elusive, chunky utlll'les mag- nate told the house committee about his various companies and related the saga of his travels while he was be- ing sought. But he politely refused to an. swer questions concerning the sources and amount of his income. He testi- fied that he "believed" the Associated Gas system had spent "eight or nlne hundred thousand dollars" in opposi- ilion to the Wheeler.Rayburn utility control bill. "That's just a small fraction of the $300,000,000 equity in our companies which would be destroyed if the bill becomes law and remains law," he de- clared. Late in the day Hopson calmly walked into Black's committee room and asked: *Is some one here look- ing for me?" Black and his committee then questioned the utilities man for an hour or two and got mighty little out of him except smooth sarcasm that made the chairman quite furious Schacht S~olds Nazis for the Persecution of Jews DR. HJALMAR S(SBACHT, economic dictator of Germany, is a brave man. Once more he has dared to speak out strongly, in reprobation of the Narl persecutlon of the Jews in the'reich, and of those who are attacking Christ- ian churches. He declared such indi- viduals were doing great injury to Germany's economic condition and re- ta~nllng her recovery, and this is espe- cially his interest as he is president of the Relchsbank as well as minister of economlcs. His strictures were ap- plied to Julius Streicher, chief Jew- baiter, and Paul Joseph Goebbels, min- ister of propaganda, though he men- tlon~d no names. "There "=ire certain contemporaries of whom one can think only with the prayer in mind, 'O Lord, preserve us from our friends,'" Schacht asserted scathingly. "These are the people who at nights he~olcall$ ~nneaz paint on shop windows, who brand every German who buys from a Jewish shop a traitor, who call all former Free Masons scoundrels, and who are un- able to distinguish between religion and the abuse of the pulpit. "Their aims are worthy. Secret ~- cleties have no right to exist In the third reich. Pastors and priests must minister to the soul and not dabble in politics. Jews must resign them- selves to a realization that their in- fluence is broken in Germany once and for all. "But all thes~ problems must be solved under the guidance of the state and cannot be settled through sporadic actions which seriously disturb busi- ness. "It is absolutely essential for the offices responsible for German recov- ery that the world keep faith In Ger- many as the state in which law i~ respected. According to point four of the Nazi program, Jews cannot be citizens. Point five of the program provides that special legislation be prepared for them. This legislation is being worked out. Until It is pub- lished, existing laws must be respected. "The same attitude applies to the church problem, which is of definitely glc::ter importance to G~rmany than tlx. Jewish question.~ Just before this speech was deliv- ered, Streicher had ordered his hench- men to arrest on the spot all Jews seen in public with German girls, and di- rected the vendors of his newsPaper to investigate in their areas and report all "Aryan" domestic servants who are working for 3ews. This information he promised to publish, with names and addresses. FDIC Reveals Great~ Losses Written Off by Banks FROM the Federal Deposit Insurance corporation comes a report showing that in 1934 the banks of the country wrote off their books a total of $L131,- 000,000 in losses accumulated during the depression. The FDIO added ~at this was made possible because the banks received $650,000,000 net in new capital, which was supplied largely by the government's Beconstruetion Fi- nance corporation. Despite these losses, the FDIC fig- ures disclosed, the banks' assets rose f~m $40,610,000,000 to $4~,870,~00,000 during 1934, and that deposits in- creased from $81,800,000,000 to "about $89,000,000.00~" A belief that deposit insurance l~ not a cure-all was expreseed by Le T. Crowley, chairman of the FDIt" in his report to congress. He said l~* surance is "not a complete reined for the ills of the banking system nor for nastsble businesS condlti0n~ He added that a chief controlling fa,. tor with regard to these condltto~ me~ta." Different Ways of Making Rugs By GRANDMOTHER CLARK The making of rag rugs has in- terested needleworkers for hundreds of years. One very good reason for this is that rugs are practical and wanted in every home. The larger the rug the harder the work; the weight increases as the work pro- greases. Making a rug of motifs and then assembling takes the hard labor out of rug making and the work be- comes interesting. Work these motifs In spare time at home or elsewhere and. when all ~re finished, assemble. Folder No. 532 contains a lot of information about making the hexa. gnu motif in various sizes In hexagon shaped rugs and in various color combinations. Hexagon motifs are crocheted in any size and color scheme according to your own idea. Amount of material and all the stitches are given and other hints of value to rug makers. A new kind bf chart for se~ecting your colors gives you an opportunity to see what your rug looks like before you g.o ahead with the work. You can get some wonderful ideas from this folder on "Different Ways to Make Rugs." It will be mailed to you upon receipt of 10 cents. Address Home Craft Co., Dept. C., Nineteenth and St. Louis Ave., St. I,ouis, Me. Inclose stamped ~d- dressed envelope for reply when writ- l~g for any information. Out in Front '~Are you a political leader?" CHow @o I know?" asked Senator Borghum. "I'm out in front, but maybe I'm only being pushed from behind by a stampede." PROBLEM OF HOW BEST TO PUNISH CHILD SERIOUS The problem of bow best to pun- ish a child to help him or her to understand tile error of his ways so that a like mistake will not be made repeatedly, is one of the things witch puzzles parents. Should the child have careful explanations of why the thing is wrong for which he is punished? Should he learn to obey arbitrarily with the reliance on father and mother's wof'd and Judg- ments being right? Should corporal punishment be banned in favor of restrlctions? When many different methods have been tried and still no change for the better is the result. the problem assumes grave aspects, as there is a ten'dency to disregard rightful rules. This Is, of course. assuming that the parent's Judgment Is correct, and not capricious. A child soon appreciates when the disciplining is not Just. Children are governed in so many different ways, that no hard and fast rule can be given that will ap- ply in all cases, but, as a general thing, very little folk have to de- pend upon mother's and father's commands being final. For this rea- son parents should learn to be guard- ed in what they deman'd of their little ones. Implicit obedience of officers' commands, seldom under- stood by soldiers, is expected in army life, but home llfe is a differ- ent matter. Affection is the guiding power. The parents love their children so much they want to bring them up to have respect for their maturer judgments, to understand that what was done was to help them to ad- Just to life, to deport theme'elves In an upright and honorable way, to strengthen home affiliations, and at the same time to teach them self government and. that Independence which is founded on a respect for the laws of the land. The reaction of training the chil- dren in these things is beneficial on the parents. Theft" high ideals for their off-spring are stimulating. The knowledge that they, themselves. are patterns of excellence and rep- resent all the vlrtues to the children whose belief in their goodness is steadfast, and also their belief in the goodness of other people is founded on this faith In them. bring out fine traits and qualities in the older folk. Bell ~tyndieate.~TV~'U Service. TERRIBLEI TI~IIRIBLE| Old you hear the Joke I played on my wife?" "Not unless you refer to your get- ring her to marry you." k Mrs, M. E. Ry- nerson, whose cakes, baked CLABBER G I R L, won 44 awards the 1934 diana State Fair. .... mm I1 I ml) AIS] HAS ~OUR MOTO]~ LO~ ]T~ ~ Treat it with Compression Seal saqd, money, Agents wanted, Write: Comln~e~ slo~ 8ea~. IU Ste~m~ St,. Seattle. W~k~. G]~Je STA]g~ NOW on a farm e~ your own. Terms a~ low al $0% (one-fifth) ~ down, balance on easy payments. Goes locations in almost every coant~r, No t~ade~ or crop payment sales. 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