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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
August 22, 1935     Golden Valley News
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August 22, 1935
 
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By Edwar-M V. Pickard IL , I ii Senators Back Down on "Soaking" Small Incomes NOBODY liked the new tax bill that congress was working on, and the senate finance committee bad hard work making up its mind as to the form it would recom- mend. First it altered almost every provision of the bill ~passed by the house and changed it from a "soak. the rich" measure to one which would soak practically every one. This was done by low- ering personal income tax exemptions and starting the surtax in- Senator Borah creases at $3,000 in. stead of $50,000. The latter feature was proposed by Senator La Follette and was adopted to keep blm In line. Also, the inheritance taxes which President Roosevelt had asked for were elimi- nated, o Protests against increasing the taxes on little incomes came immediately, from senators, representatives and the country at large. Senators Bornh of Idaho and Norris of Nebraska were among, the "independents' who ex. pressed theLr disapproval Mr. Borab especially was vocal in opposition. He could not see the Justice or the wis- dom of the proposition. "Families with these small Incomes are now paying more than their pro- portionate share of taxes and at the same time are facing higher prices for food, clothes, fuel and rents," he said. So the committee suddenly reversed itself abruptly, rejected the La Fol- lotto plan by a vote of 8 to 7, and for the time being at least saved the ltt- tle incomes and perhaps a lot of house members who hoPe to be re-elected. The bill which the committee voted to report contains new provisions to compensate for those eliminated from the house bill and the estimated rev- enue is only $1,000,000 less. This is divided in the senate bill as follows: Graduated corporation In- come tax ........... :... $ 60,000,000 Cornoration excess profits and capital stock taxes 65,000,000 Intsreorporate dividend taxes S9,000,000 Increased estate taxes with X related gift taxes... 100,000,600 nereased surtaxes on "ln:" co~'le8 [1~ excess Of $I,o0o,000 ............... 6,000,000 Total ................ $269,000,000 The bill thus more closely follows the demands of President Roosevelt than the house measure, with the ex- eeptinn of inheritance taxes, which the senate committee eliminated. Even this action was offset by the Increase in the existing estate and glft tax rates, expected to bring in $100,000,000. This action by the senate committee probably means the adjournment of congress will be speeded up. The house is eleanlng up its "must" legislation, the ways and means committee Raving voted to report favorably the Guffey coal bill which would set up a "little ~NRA" for the bituminous industry. It is generally believed this measure will not stand a test in the Supreme court, btrt the administration had demanded its enactment nevertheless. How Social Security hour; probably many thousands of mere and women all over the country~ began figuring on the pensions they any clear idea of how the new pro- gram's pensin9~ system will work, so we reprint here a neat summary pre- pared by the Associated Press show- ing its operation as applied to "Bill ~ones": "Suppose young Bill is twenty when the law goes into effect and makes an salary of $100 until He will get a monthly until hlS death, of $53,75. '/n detail, here Is wLat Will happen years 1937, 1938, tax of for the three years. In 1940, 1941, 1942 he will those 83 years. "Thus. in 45 years, Bill 3ones will have paid in $1,440. All the time his wlli get back ~.4~0. ~ones dies this is what "o ~ ~ u,,~ "If Jones dies before he gets back $1,890 in pensions, what he actually received is deducted from $1,890 and the remainder~paid to his heirs. If he lives until he gets back all of the $1,890 and more, his heirs get nothing, L Jones should die before he reaches sixty-five, his heirs would be entitled to a payment of 8~ per cent of the total wages on which taxes had been paid. "For Instance, if he died after ten years, he would have paid taxes on $12,000. His heirs would be entitled to 31h per cent of that, or $420." Senator Clark of Missouri made a brave attempt to save private pension systems, but gave up when the prom- ise was made that house and senate committees will try during the recess to work out a method of preserving such of these as are found worthy. The measure as passed provides for old age security; unemployment insur- ance, and for financial aid to dependent children, the blind, the crippled, and to public health agencies. It carries appropriations totaling $94,491,000 for the fiscal year 1936 as the government's share of the program. This sum does not Include an authorized grant of $4,000,000 for the fiscal year ending ~une 30, 1936, and ~9,000,000 for each subsequent fiscal year to defray the cost of administering one project la the bill. Farmers Organize Council to Protect Their Rights FARMER~ who believe ~at their individual rights are being en- croached upon by the administration's sgrlcultursl policies are offered a chance to get together by the organi- zation and incorporation in Chicago of the Farmers' Independent Council of America. Dan D. Casement, a farmer of Manhattan, Kan., is president of the body. Stanley F. Morse, South Caroline farmer and consulting agri- culturist, IS executive vice president and Chris 3. Abbott, ~Nebraska stock- man and farmer, and Clyde O. Patter- son, Illinois Jersey" breeder, were in- corporators. Dr. Charles W. Burkett, agricultural authority of New York and formerly director of the Kansas agricultural experiment station, and I~ G. Toiles" farmer and past master of the Connecticut State Grange, are other vice presidents of the council, and Dr. E. V. Wilcox, representative of the Country Gemtieman, Dlstrlct of Columbia, is secretary-treasurer; Fred L. Crawford, Michigan congress- man and farm owner; E. E. Dorsett, farmer and past master Pennsylvania State Grange, and Kurt Greenwald, farm manager and agricultural engl. seer, New York, are directors. '~o me there is but one issue, whether we are going to have s con- stitutional government or have a dicta- torial regime," said Charles E. Col. lins" Colorado cattleman and president of the American National Live Stock association, regional vice president o! the new organization. G. O. P. Defeats New Dealers in Rhode Island Election REPUBLICAN leaders threugbont th~ country were immensely heartened --probably too much so--by the result of the by-election in the First district of Rhode Island: Charles F. Risk, Re- publican, and deter. mined opponent of the New Deal. defeated Antonio Prtnce~ Dem~ c'rat, by nearly 18,000 votes, capturing the seat In congress which Francis B. Condon, Democrat, resigned to go on the State Su. proms court. Tbe r~ Chae" F, Rlak versai was so decisive that the Bepnblicana hailed It as a clear indication that President Roose- velt would be defeated for re-election RePresentative B. H. Snell of New York, minority leader, made a speech about it in the house in which he said: "This is the first time the people el any part of the country have had ae opportunity to pass on the reckless and extravagant expenditures of the administration. They have passed up- on it in a very decisive manner. The election shows the People are begin. sing to think. The handwriting is on the wall. From now on we will wlt. hess similar rejections by the cltlzenrl of the New Deal program." Hoover Demands Showdown ~rom the Administration ~01RMER PRESIDENT H~RBERT HOOVER, traveling from Callfor. nla to New York, stopped tn Chicago long enough to issue a challenge to the Roosevelt administration and a call on the President for a showdown as to his policy on changing the Con. StltnflOn, He declared the American people have a right to know what al- the basic law the admln. make. THE BEACH REVIEW Grass Roots Movement It Given Permanent Form ~EPUBLICANS of the ~0 Midwest- ~- frn states that participated In the ~rass Roots c.onference in Spr~lng~eld, Ill., have made the Gr'a~ tto-~' ~'~e- meat a permanent auxiliary of the party. Harrison E. Spengler of Iowa is its chairman, Mrs. Leslie Wheeler of Illinois the vice chairman, and Jo Ferguson of Oklahoma, the secretary. Michigan, Ohio and Kentucky, not reP- resented at the Springfield meeting, have been invited to Join in the move ment. Black's Methods in Probe Resented by Pat Hurley sENATOR HUGO BLACK of Ala- bama may bring out a lot of facts In his inquiry into lobbying, bt~l his way of conducting the investigation is not winning blm any credit, The hou@e has all along felt that he was trying to bully it into accepting the util- ities bill "death sen- tence" clause and has been correspondingly resentful. Various wit- nesses before the sen- ate committee have felt, seemingly with reason, that theY were P. J. Hurley being treated unfairly. One of these witnesses who com- plained bitterly was Patrick ~. Hurley, secretary of war in the Hoover ad- ministration. He testified that he had received $100.000 fl~pm the Associated Gas and Electric system in the last three years, but insisted he was paid for legal advice only and had done no lobbying. Hurley was not permitted to read a prepared statement, and Black's interjectiom and questions so angered the witness that he rose to his feet and shouted: "Everyone knows all you gentlemen are good prosecu- torsi Of course, you don't know what it Is to be fair or Just~ You try to put words into a witness' mouth. Your questions are all on the type of the 'Why don't you stop beating your wifeP query." Federal Penal Colony on Rat Islands Proposed COL. c. A. SEOANE of the army sig- nal corps has proposed a plan for the establishment of a federal penal colony on the Rat islands, off Alaska, and recommended it to the considera- tion of Attorney General Cummings. It would be so Isolated that no guards would be required and the prisoners could be left to shift for themselves. The four Rat islands, near the end of the Aleutian ~roup, comprise 1,000 square miles--and are more than 1,000 miles from the Alaskan mainland, 2,000 miles from the nearest unRed States point, and more than 2,000 ~iles from Hawaii. Except for one oi' two fox ranches on each, they are uninhabited. Banishment to the I~at islands "would mean a long good-by wlthou hope of pardon, parole, or escape," Colonel Sedans said. "Therein lies ths secret of what is believed would be- come an eff~mtive damper on the wave of today." ~he islands, part of the public do- main, are suitable for raising blue foxes, sheep, and goats, and for fish- Ing. They are washed by the warm 3apan eurrenr~ seldom have snow and have an average temperature of lu winter and 54 in summer. Nazi "Housecleaning" Has Hitler's Full Support ADOLF HITLER'S silence during the recently renewed Nazi war- fare on ~Iews and Catholics led many to think the movement was being led b~ others. But Der Fuehrer emerged from his country residence to make a speech at Rosenheim in which he. made it clear he was backing the cur- rent "housecleaning" to the limit. He de- clared the Nazi party would smash its oP- ponents, continuing: "Always stand to your flag, not only In Adoif Hitler good days but even more in the bad ones. Keep it up when the storm lashes and clouds the firmament." Deep apprehension still prevails among 3ews in Germany as to what the future has in store for them. Aft- er Count yon Helldorf, Berlin police president, had forbidden individual ac- tion against JewS, Wilhelm Frick, min- ister of interior, announced : "The Jewish question will slowly but surely be gotten rld of, as the l',laz, t program foresees." Mussolini and Ethiopian Emperor Prepare for War ~'~NGLAND and France were still try- lng to find the way to avert war between Italy and Ethiopia, but Pre- mier Mussolini of Italy was so skep; tieal that he ordered 7~,000 more men to the colors. By the first of October he will have about a million men in uniform. Halle Selassle, the Ethiopian emperor, was reported to have sane- tinned the concentration of 60,000 of his troops on Italy's east African fron- tiers. The chiefs, It Is said, are finding |t l~ereaMngly difficult to restrain their Warriors from overt acts that would ittrely precipitate warfare. -A report from Addis Ababa said the a portion Nobody Was Frozen One Strike Subsides The Emperor Has Lions 1,000,000 Tiny Pigs S~everal have written to this column offering to let themselves be "frozen stiff and ~en re- turned to life" in the interest of sci- ence, as suggested by a Los An~geles chemist, R. S. Wil- lard. They will be sorry to hear that the American Med- ical association calls Mr. Willard's alleged freezing "a vicious hoax." It accuses Wil- lard of freezing a dead monkey and then snbstltuting a Arthur nrlsbane live one, supposed to have been frozen and thawed out Doctor Fishbein, editor of the Amer- Ican Medical Association Journal, says anybody frozen stiff would surely dle. It was an Interestlng yarn while It lasted. New York's strike of nnlon men against President Roosevelt, General Johnson and the WAP ("Works Prog- ress administration") seems tempo- rarily to have collapsed. Mr. Meany, New York labor leader, said all union men would go out and stay out and nonunion men would follow. The news Is that the nonunion men did not fol- low. and the union men went back to work. Robert Moses of the park depart- ment, who employs 25,000 workers on park projects, reports only 110 de- serters. b An interesting photograph from Addis kbaba shows two servants of the Ethiopian emperor, riding on lions, one female, one male, In the palace garden. The emperor's lions are trained in this fashion for use as "watch dogs." You can easily be- lieve that intruders "keep out." For war purposes, however, lions are not particularly valuable. Tear gas and deadly poisonous gas would dis- courage the tlons, as they would men, and lions cannot Jump as high as an airplane; In Chicago's stockyards half the hog pens are closed, prices are soaring, men have lost Jobs, all" for lack of hogs to push around and butcher. The yards are suffering. And only a little while ago an ear- nest government, determined to help the farmer and promote prosperity, was butchering tens of thousands or "farrow sows" to get rid of them be- fore their little pigs could be born. "Too many little pigs wlll make too many big pigs," said the government. You can Imaglne the ghosts of a mil- li0n pigs floating over the stockyards, squeaking in their baby voices, "We told you so." = War talk continues. Mussolini an- nounces a new air weapon "over- whelmingly powerful," but does not say what ir is. Plain TNT and poison gas are powerful enough. Hitler, announcing that his country ls "re~dy to meet any outside peril," adds: '*No power on earth can attack us." That seems a little overconfi- dent. A prosaic financial telegram suggests that the public debt of Germany has been increased by 20,000,000,000 marks. That might represent an interior enemy of considerable proportions. Uncle Sam, with all his spending, makes a little something for himself. His money-issuing ~rivlleges, paper dollars worth abou~V 50 cents, and silver coins coatalnlng less than half their value in silver, have given the treasury a profit of about $3,000,000,. 000. And at this moment it does not ap- pear to have hurt anybody. Who an. derstands money? Stocks are better, pribes higher, in London and in Wall Street. The Lon- don Dally Mail says: "A stock ex- change boom seems to do more for world trade than anything. The res. son Is that It gives confidence every- where." Strange and powerful Is *'confi- dence." You cannot see it, feel It, weigh it, but you can easily destroy it. Lovely woman, le.d by Paris fash- ion designers, Is still trying to find out what she really wants. Unlversal Service dispatches from Paris describe '*dresses as transparent as lace cur- tains from the knee down ; skin-fight evening gowns with cut-out designs as big as elm leaves from under the arms to the hlp-llne. Cape coats of white fur, sllt wlde open on both sides." One gown is made entirely of "plaited gold braid." When will women settle down finally to some one style, as men have done~ Interesl~ng items in taxation news. For instance, government will collect income tax on "public relief.? If your generous Uncle Sam gives you $94 et month, the amount that unions now. spurn, he will take back $13.12 In in- some tax. DIETARY HABITS NEED FOSTERING EARLY IN CHILD Nothing is qu~e so important to tealth as food. The wellbeing of a child depends on it, and his fu- ture stamina will reflect nutritive discrepancies in babyhood. The mother who thinks that there Is time enough ahead for corrective diet is laboring under a traditional delusion tlmt up until two years of age and sometimes longer, milk is the sum total of everything. Milk is the warp and the Woof of what it takes to get through life, and especially at itsbeginning. But it needs supplementing, because Its chemistry is low in a few needed es- sentials and the child, set in his all- milk diet, resists other foods. Doctors Prescribe Varied Foods. Doctors long ago recognized the value of adding other foods to the diet of milk, early in babyhood, in order to offset future finicky appe- tites. Thus the infant of six weeks gets his cod-liver oil and orange ~ulce or tomato juice; a little later a spoonful or two of prepared vege- t3ble Juice or even the strained veg- etable itself. At a period that in the past would have been consid- ered murderous he gets his bit of cereal, part of the yolk of an egg, a snack of baked potato and mashed stewed fruit. Whatever today's baby is given, should, of course, be absolutely un- der the doctor's direction. There Is a difference in babies. But the great truth that man mothers do not know is that chil- dren with touchy appetites at six or eight or ten years of age, are the results of fixed preference in babyhood. Caution Must BS Exercised. Another thing that should be re- membered is that as milk must be the alpha and omega of his meal, therefore the amounts of ottmr food given must not be so great that the willingness to take milk Is decreased. The doctor will give you lists and schedules for feeding. My sugges- tions here are only for one purpose. That is to show "why" and "how" aversions to needed foods are start- ed. Food habits, which mean flavor habits, have to be cultivated early. Week's Supply of Posture Free Read the offer made by the Posture Company in another part of this pa- per. They will send a full week's sup- ply of health giving Posture free to anyone who writes for lt.--Adv. To Save Windmills An energetic campaign to save the picturesque windmills of France has been started by the Municipai Council of Bergues, in French Flan- ders. The French state has been peti- tioned to protect these mills, which constitute a form of sentimental wealth which it is d~flicult, sometimes impossible, to replace. WEEVIL SPREADING The vegetable weevil, a new insect which eats most of the mon garden crops, is spreading the Southern states and has a~. peared in California. the States Department of AgrlcultUm has reported. MOSQU Inject MosquiL~es llve on Before she can draw your however, annoy ~are dan [ serious d|seese op|4emlcs. chances. Kill mosquitoes,. spiders with FLY-TOX-- proved by IO, OOO tests. Accept Quick, Pleasant Successful Let's be frank~there's way for your body to rid the waste material that causes Ity, gas, headaches, bloated and a dozen other Your intestines must function the way to make them move ly, pleasantly, successfully, griping or harsh irritants is to a Mlinesia Wafer thoroughly, i~ cordance with directions on the tie or tin, then swallow. Mtlnesla Wafers, pure milk magnesia in tablet form, each alent to a tablespoon of liquid of magnesia, ~correct acidity, breath, flatulence, at their and enable you to have the pleasant, successful necessary to abundant health. Milnesia Wafers come in at 35c and 60c or in convenient at 20c. Recommended by of physicians. All good carry them. Start using these ant tasting effective wafers Be Sure They Properly Clea.se the Blood yOUR ~idneys are constant[ i.g waste matter from the stream. But kidneys sometimes their work--do not act as nature tended--4ail to poison the system when hen you may suffer naggir ache, dizzi.ess, sc~anty or too urination, getting up at night, limbs; feel nervous, all upset. Don't de|ayl Use tioning m~a~ded STRIKE UP THE AND GIVE P THE FLAVOR'S GLOR- ! - OUS JOIN IN THE CHOR- IT'S GOT EVERYTHING IT'S THE CEREAL KING GRAPE-NUTs ON.C~ you taste G~q~e-Nuts Flakes" you~l chee~ tool And it not only delicious flays, lmtit'a nomr~bin~