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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
June 29, 2006     Golden Valley News
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June 29, 2006
 
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9 Golden Valley News & Billings County Pioneer Thursday, June 29, 2006 test positive By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist NDSU Extension Service As the continual effort implementing or at least trying to understand the USDA efforts at establishing .a national ani- mal identification system keeps moving, an occasional look back is always nice. Many people have been involved in these efforts and certainly a hand of gratitude needs to be extended to those involved. Since 1963, some North Dakota cattle have been in vari- ous projects that involved indi- vidual animal identification. Data collection and analysis for management decisions were the reasons for an animal ID, which is a visual tag, tattoo or other unique marking. Since the mid- 1980s, a North Dakota computer program has been used to man- age the data for diligent produc- ers who wanted to base manage- ment decisions on data. In recent years, there has been a desire for individual animal traceback. The North Dakota team has conducted research involving three key points, which are electronic animal identifi- cation, data management and traceback. The industry discussions con- tinue. Right now everyone is back at the work pit and I would like to offer 10 observations. 1. The first and overriding thought is cattle can be tracked if they are age and/or source ver- ified. In a recent North Dakota trial, 37.5 percent were traced through slaughter, 41.7 percent .were not traceable and 20.8 per- cent stayed on the ranch. These results may not be reflective of the entire industry, but they point out what the North Dakota team found. The process was one of establishing some basic indus- try information. 2. Electronic animal identifi- cation needs to simultaneously include low-and high-frequency technology. Several tag designs are being evaluated in anticipa- tion of incorporating low- and high-frequency technology in a single application. 3. Low-frequency tags and readers work in accordance with industry standards, but may require at least three sequential reads for a 100 percent read during rapid single-alley move- ment. 4. High-frequency tags (916 megahertz) expand the reading range 6 to 18 feet, with up to 98.65 percent reads for a one- time 3-foot-wide, single-alley movement. High-frequency tags with a read range of 10 feet have Program (PVP) or a Quality Systems Assessment (QSA) process through the USDA's Agriculture Marketing Service. The CalfAID program, as devel- oped in North Dakota, is a USDA-PVP. CalfAID will con- tinue to provide source and age verification, thrOugh data man- agement, electronic anim iden- I tification and traceback, to the fullest extent possible. 6. Conforming and noncon- forming calves must be account- ed for through effective data management, which includes efficient electronic identification tag (EID) inventory control, EID distribution verification, visu- al tag data (VID) forms, EID data and VID feedback and cross-tag verification. 7. A calving record book, with third-party verification of VID and EID numbers and authenti- cation of all recorded data at the producer level, will be required. 8. Calf traceback needs to incorporate localized data bases involving premise identifica- tion, focused data fields and data accessibility networked in accordance to standards set by the USD :s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and Veterinary Services (USDA- APHIS-VS). 9. Local North Dakota efforts are continuing and encouraging potential participation in the development of a localized data- base involving premises identi- fication, focused data fields and data accessibility. 10. Cattle must maintain orig- inal electronic ear tags recorded in the. USDA-APHIS-VS net- work of approved databases. Traceability through branding works (greater than 99 percent), provided cattle are not comin- gled and resorted. Once com- ingled and resorted, particularly when cattle are transported out of state, the cattle not trace: able (0 percent) by any current method is primarily due to cut tags. Traceability is 79 percent in backgrounders and 13 percent in feeders. Cooperation. is necessary in the industry. We have gained some insight, yet the solution is not in hand. May you find all your ear tags. i Your comments are always welcome at www.Beefralk.com. For more information, contact the NDBCIA Office, 1133 State Ave Dickinson, ND 58601 or go to www.CHAPS2000.COM on the Internet. greater than 90 percent 'ccuracy Welcome i for a one-time, rapid 11-foot-v/ide alley movement. I home Golva 5. An important focal point in the process is the need to Alumni and incorporate a Process Verified St. Mary's I Page Two Resale Shop Beach NO, 872-3391 hi. e/ to receive 50 off a blended Frappuccino Sale on gifts 75% off Hill O' Beans Espresso Beach ND 872-4369 This batter readies to "knpck it out of the park" at Monday's Babe Ruth game against Lemmon, SD. Photo by Cindy Makelky O Drinking stagnant pond water during hot, dry weath- er can cause death in animals, according to Charles Stoltenow, North Dakota State University Extension Service veterinarian. "The water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (former- ly known as blue-green algae) that typically grows in stagnant warm pond water." At least four types of poten- tially poisonous cyanobacteria are known to occur in North Dakota. Toxins from these bac- teria are poisonous to most live- stock, including cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, chickens, domestic and wild ducks, pigeons, geese, and even frogs, fish, and snakes. The toxins primarily affect the nervous system and the liver. Signs of cyanobacterial poisoning include nervous derangement, staggering, tremors, and severe abdominal pain. The toxins are also poisonous to humans. Take note of any dead wild- life around bodies of water, Stoltenow advises. A close watch for unexplained livestock deaths is also important. Consult a vet- erinarian ta.find a cause of death so steps can be taken to pre- vent additional livestock deaths. There are no known antidotes for cyanobacteria poisoning. The algae flourish only in the top few inches of water, so toxic concentrations are typically found only in small ponds where waves don't mix the water thor- oughly. Cyanobacteria blooms don't occur in lakes and rivers. Under favorable conditions, the 1 appreciate your support during the recent election. Thank you Michaela Duerre algae can double in number in 24 hours and can turn pond water blue to brownish green. If a pond contains toxic con- centrations,'keep animals from drinking from it by fencing off The North Dakota Department of Health report- ed today that several birds and a horse have tested positive for West Nile virus in the state Three sentinel chickens test- ed Positive for West Nile virus - one in Ramsey County. and two in Grand Forks County. In addition, one dead bird tested positive in Cass County, as did one horse in Burleigh County. Eight sentinel chicken flocks have been established in areas around the state. A surveillance tool for early identification of West Nile virus, the sentinel chicken flocks are tested once a week to determine if they were exposed to West Nile virus. As of June 16, 2006, 13 humans had been tested for West Nile virus at the North Dakota Public Health Laboratory Thus far, no human West Nile virus cases have been identified. "The identification of the the water and providing another West Nile virus-positive birds source.of water. Because the tox- and horse indicates there is ins are concentrated at the sur- West Nile virus activity in face, water may be pumped from North Dakota again this year," the bottom of deep sloughs or said Tracy Miller, M.P.H potholes to watering tanks. West Nile Virus Surveillance Typically, toxic algae blooms Program manager for the last only a few days but may Department of Health. persist for several weeks. A vet- "With big outdoor events erinarian can help determine if approaching, such as softball a pond has toxic concentrations tournaments and Fourth of of the algae. July celebrations, this finding "If there are continuing prob- is a reminder that everyone lems, producers may want to across the state should pro- consider treating the water with tect themselves from mosquito copper sulfate or other algicides," bites." Stoltenow says. "Use them only In 2005, 86 human cases of in ponds that don't drain into West Nile virus were reported other waterways or bodies of to the Department of Health. water, and don't consume any In addition, West Nile infec- plants or fish from the treated pond. Also, because toxin lev- els increase immediately, after treatment, livestock should .not be allowed to drink from treated ponds for a week. A recommend- ed treatment rate is 2 pounds of copper sulfate per acre-foot of water. That's roughly equivalent to eight pounds per million gal- lons." More information on cyano- bacteria and protecting livestock is available on the Web at www. ext.nodak.edu/extpubs/ansci/ beef/vl136w.htm. tion was identified in four horses, 1.7 dead birds, 27 sen- tinel chickens, and four mos- quito pools "Everyone is at risk of devel- oping West Nile virus infection after being bitten by an infect- ed mosquito," Miller said. "However, people older than 50 are at the greatest risk of developing serious complica- tions from the disease." To reduce the risk of'being bitten by mosquitoes, the state health department recom- mends the following protective measures: Use insect repellent that contains DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or perme- thrin when outdoors. Always follow the directions on the manufacturer's label. Limit outdoor activities between dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most likely to bite. When possible, wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts while outside. Eliminate stagnant water and leaf debris in containers around homes where mosqui- toes can lay their eggs (e.g buckets, flowerpots, old tires, wading pools, and birdbaths). Keep mosquitoes from entering your home by repair- ing screens in windows and doors Keep the grass around your home trimmed. This year, surveillance for West Nile virus-infected birds in North Dakota began June 1, 2006, and is coordinated by the Department of Health's Division of Disease Control in conjunction with a variety of agencies, including local public health units, local veterinar- ians, extension agents, Noah Dakota zoos, state and federal parks, bird watching clubs, the North Dakota Game and Fish Department, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the USDA Wildlife Services. The public is encouraged to report sightings of dead birds to one of these agencie or via the online dead bird report form at www.ndwnv.com. A person cannot catch the virus by touchir), g a dead bird; however, it is always good practice for anyone handling dead wildlife to take precau- tions such as wearing protec- tive gloves. West Nile virus information, including numbers of cases in animals and humans, is updat- ed on the Department of Health website (www.ndwnv.com) by 8 a.m. every Wednesday. For more information, contact Tracy Miller or Michelle Feist, North Dakota Department of Health, at 701.328.2378 There's always room for more during a trip to a heritage festival and attraction in North Dakota. When settlers from Scandinavia and Germany arrived, the first thing they unpacked were recipes. So, start your culinary adventure with an Aebelskive or a slice of kuchen to get your first taste of North Dakota. 1-800-HELLO-ND (435-5663) www.ndtourism.com kltW D,U:~A