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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
June 13, 1935     Golden Valley News
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June 13, 1935
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PASS IN R[VIEW PRESIDENT 8TIR8 NATION BY \PROPOSAL FOR A CHANGE JN ITS BASIC LAW. By EDWARD W. PICKARD Q, W~era NeW~r UnioL pRESIDENT ROOSEVELT has creat- ed a major issue for the campaign of 1936 and stirred up widespread debate and controversy over a question that the nation had thought was settled In Its early days. Furthermore, it im likely he haS start- ed the movement for a complete re-align- ment of politldal forces into what will be vir- tually two new parties. Briefly, he proposes that the Constitution be changed to take from the states and Bainbridge give to the federal Colby government power over the chief social and economic ques- tions so that the New Deal may be saved from the doom pronounced upon it by the Supreme court. In the course of a two hour talk with the Washington correspondents the President sent up a trial balloon on the plan he had conceived for re- modeling the government to fit his pro- gram, declaring that he favored cur- tailing the sovereignty of the states and giving the central government full control over agriculture, industry, com- merce and all other occupations and en- terprises. He said this question of amending or re-writing the Constitu- tion must be settled bY a vote of the people. In some ways, he said, the Su- preme court decision was the best thing that could have happened to the coun- try because it clarified the issue as he presented it. The issue must be met by moving one way or the other, he maid, back to the 13 states or forward to the modern interpretation. We are the only country in the world which has not solved this problem, Mr. Roosevelt said. We thought we were solving it, but now it Is thrown right back in our faces. We are relegated to the "horse and buggy" interpreta- tion of the interstate commerce clause. That many prominent Democrats will be alienated from their support of Mr. Booaevelt by this pronouncement is car- fain. Already there has been launched a movement for those of the party who seek "a return to constitutional gee- eminent, to unite with the Republicans Its leaders are Colby, who was secretary Wilson's cabinet. and Chief Justice William R. Pattan- gall of the Massachusetts Supreme court. /dr. Colby has written to a number of Democratic leaders of national re- ~p~te proposing they meet In a south- city, preferably Richmond, "to con- sider some form of political action that lm for our country and above party." In a letter to a friend in Washington it was revealed that Chief Justice Pat- ~all had decided to resign in order tO Join With other Jeffersonian Damn- crate to brlng about a coalition with ~blicans and the restoration of "constitutional government" to replace the New Deal. ~Telther of these gentlemen hopes to meat. Of Democratic senators a number, ~ Smith of South Carolina, @onnolly Of Tens, Clark of Missouri and King Ot Utah. frankly expressed their oP- to the President's views. Orb- rather mild approval The conservative of course were outspoke~ of the abrog~on and the more radical v were divided. Sen- voiced the opinion 0therl when he said: of power, absolute to deal with all national prob- need a constitutional r so much as we need in accordance the Constitution. You can't draw L on great subjects of this nature yOU would draw a resolution for a Let it be uderstood which the Su- has placed on the inter- state commerce clause gives ample and and plenary tSower to deal of national concern." said in Washington that the and his advisers had de- in reforming the it according to the StorY, congress will be urged to to reinstate r voluntary men, and, to treat the goods produced in other labor standards below its wm be invited to recovery' t~ws and the assume the east serious doUbt upon the much New Deal NRA, notab~ the meat act, the securities aCt and securities and exchange act. OFFICIALS of the United Mine Workers of America gave notice that approximately 4~0,000 miners in the soft coal fields would go on strike unless new wage contracts were signed before June 16. The members of the union were warned there must be no violations of the law nor any disturbances of the public peace dur- ing the strike. The entire soft coal fields of the United States is included, but not Canada. A committee of the producers was trying to bring about a revision of the Guffey coal stabilization bill, hoping this would prove a satisfactory substi- tute for the NRA coal code and would avert the threatened strike. THERE was great rejoicing in Ra- cine, Wig. ~hen the strike at the J. L Case company plants was called off after lasting 80 days. The em- ployees accepted the compromise of- far of the company, whose payroll has been the largest in the city. In gen- eral the demands of the strikers were not reel though the company agreed to certain raises in piece and day wages. It promised to re-employ the men without discrimination as busi- ness conditions warrant. ACTING with surprising suddenness, the senate passed the Copeland- TugWell food, drug and cosmetic bill, which had been modified to meet the objections of Senators Clark, Bailey and Vandenberg. Doctor @opeland said he beUeved it would get through the house without difficulty. President Roosevelt favors the measure. The bill greatly increases the scope of the 1906 food and drug act, in the definitions of adulterated or misbrand- ed articles, and provides penalties of s year in Jail or a $1,000 fine for viola- tiens. ONE immediate result of the Su- preme court's NRA decision was the dismissal of 411 cases involving NIRAL invalidated by the ruling. This action was taken by Attorney General Cum- mings with the approv- al of the President. "All of these cases related to the enforce- ment of code or sLm. liar requirements, vio- lations of fair trade practices on the part! of Individual business or failure to live up to minimum ,smge~ C. C. Davis hour standards," official statement said. "There are, of course, a large nomber of additional cases In every state In which actual court action has not yet been initiated. These also, because of the Schechter case decision, must necessarily be dropped." Chester C. Davis, AAA administra- tor, in reply to inquiries concerning future plans as to maintenance of marketing agreements and li~mBes, sent out the following telegram: '~rhe Agricultural Adjustment at~ ministration has no thought of aban, donlng either its present program of marketing agreements for fruits and vegetables or its plans. On the contrary, we are now working with congressional leaders on amend- ments designed to strengthen these marketing agreements and milk plans." LITTLE George Weyerhaeuser, nine- year-old lumber fortune heir who was kidnaped from Tacoma, is safe at home. but the '~gnatehers~ who held him captive for a week got away with $200,000 ransom money paid by the lad's family. They fled In a fasl automobile, and at this writing are still at large, though pursued closely by an army of government agents and other officers. At last reports they were in the bad lands of Oregon. FLOODS and tornadoes wrought havoc in Nebraska, Colorado, Wyo. ming, Texas and Kansas--a region that only recently was afflicted by drouth and dust storn~ It was thought as many as 250 lives were lost, and great numbers of families were rendered homeless. The worst flood area was In southern Nebrnaka, where the Republican river was swollen into a raging torrent. Several entire vil- lages were swept away, and utility plants and transportation lines were all washed out. Q UETTA, "garden city" of north- west India, and all the surround- Ing region were shattered by a series of earthquakes. The dead were es- timated roughly at 30,000, but the ex- act number never will be known. The city and many villages were laid In ruins, and fire and flood swelled the toll of the killed and injured. The barracks of the royal air force at Quetta were demolished and more than fiffy members of the ~trrison were killed. The cl~'s police forco was el- , most wiped out. While most of the victims of the disaster were natives, there were many English men and women among them. B ABE RUTH is out of baseball. The most sensational figure in the na- tional sport during many years an- THE BEACH REVIEW 0 Washington.--What of the future1 Where are we going now that one of the keystones of the W~af to /Be New Deal~the ~a~ Done Now? tionul l~ecovery ad- ministration -- h a s been largely outlawed? The national capital never has wit- nessed such confusion, even in the midst of the World war, as has pre- vailed here since the Supreme court of the United States had its final say as to the consUtutionaiity of the NRA and Frazler-Lemke farm mortgage moratorium law. The lack of constitu- tional authority for the Frazier-Lemke law was recognized by many but until the highest court in the land had spoken concerning NRA, views were divided and the Blue Eagle continued to fly, albeit in a lower circle. New Dealers generally were con- fident to the last. They appeared to expect some unseen force to guide the Supreme court in upholding the fan- tastic program which they had devised and which the President made a part of his New Deal plans for economic recovery. The adverse ruling made them sick at the stomach. Most of them have not yet recovered. Hence, confusion continues to reign. You have heard much discussion in the past two weeks as to how the breath of life may again be breathed into the Blue Eagle. As far as I have been able to gather from authoritative quarters in Washington, there is noth- Ing left to do but perform the funeral ceremonies for the Ill-fated bird and the so-called national plan which it represented. The reports of Presi- dential conferences, of meetings of statesmen and executives of the Ad- ministration, of this plan and that plan and statements and expressions of opinion respecting the future ~c0Urse. mean absolutely nothing. When tlm Supreme court sald that the congress had unlawfully delegated to the Presi. dent power to draft codes of fair prac- tice and enforce them upon private business, it took away the heart and nerve centers of the NBA structure. On top of this body blow, the NRA principle is looked upon in many quarters, and by men who know and understand the problems of govern- meat, as being thoroughly discredited in the public mind. It is not too much to say that when a national law does not hold the confidence of the bulk of the people Its usefulness has eeased~ So it was with the prohibition amend- meat. Equally, I believe it can be stated, if opinion of statesmen of long training can be trusted, no attempts to revise the NRA will get to first base. Even the Brain Trust movement to obtain amendment of the Federal Constitution making such laws as NRA proper can win country-wide support. * $ Enough Indications already have be- come visible to warrant a statement that the summer More ~ope months will see ehis- ?or Future eling, price cutting and other nefarious and improper business practi~ going on and that these will be disastrous to countless business interests. The congress will strive in a half-hearted fashion to offset the loss of strength and prestige suffered by the New Deal at the hands of the Supreme court. But the effort plainly will be only half- hearted. So It is made to appear that the country mast submit for several months at least to a bad condition. After that. if the opinions of experi- enced men are worth while, there ought to be a eubstautial cha~ge for the bet- ter. Careful surveys, close examina- tions of the problems at hand and candid thinking has brought to un- biased observers the conclusion that there is more hope for the future now as regards the economic situation than there was while the Blue Eagle con- tinued to soar and ballyhoo artists continued to preach about its powers to restore prosperity. I believe this statement which is the consensus ought to be tempered with one sugges- tion. There is likely to be a restora- tion of confidence generally If the Ad- ministration turns aside from Brain Trust theories and employs the prac- tical instead of the theoretical method of government. s $ $ To the agricultural community the decision invalidating the Frazier- Lemke mortgage Juet an moratorium law prob- ld~e Dream ably has greater in- terest. It should not be so. The Frazier-Lemke law from the first was an Idle dream and was predicated upon shortsighted under- standings of basic economic laws. Ev- erywhere I have inquired concerning the probable end" or result of the work- ings of that statute, informed persons declared it meant eventual destruction of credit for agriculture. Supporters of the Frazier-Lemke idea cannot lean, as do supporters of the NRA principle, npon an accusation that the law was badly administered. It was administered, according to the Administration, in the Yet be- '~My own guess resentative Lemke. both of North Da kern, "was designed to give purei] temporary aid to distressed owners o~ mortgage farm lands. The thing~ which apparently neither of the co. authors foresaw waS the effect the temporary arrangement would have as to the future. By this I mean that, for example, if a farmer wants to buy a home and had only a small amount of cash, he must borrow money from someone else. If the holder of that money were made to feel that at any time during the llfe of that mortgage congress could pass a law telling the lender he could not force payment of the debt few there would be who would be willing to lend their money. It is not human nature to lend money un- less there Is a reasonable assurance that it will be repaid, Thus, it seems to me the Frazier- Lemke law contained elements of danger that were overlooked in the etress of depressed conditions. As laws now stand, lenders of capital will have some assurance that the security they take will continue to be security and that the individual who borrows, whether he be the owner of a farm or the owner of a business In town, either will broke payments on the principal or surrender the property. #/ $ $ Perhaps the worst blow dealt Pres- ident Roosevelt personally was the Su- preme court decision T~e Worst which held that the B~ow Presidential power did not extend to re- moval of a Federal Trade Commission member except for the reasons pre- scribed in the law itself. It will be re- membered that Mr. Roosevelt forcibly ousted the late William E. Humphrey from commission membership because, it was openly stated at the time, Mr. Humphrey was a cons~vative repub- lican and he, therefore, did not see eye to eye with the President and his New Deal plans. Mr, Humphrey sued the government for the salary for his term. After his death his executors carried on the litigation which has Just now been decided in their favor. R is the principle involved here that is important. The Federal Trade Com- mission was set up as a quasi-Judicial body, one endowed with powers to reg- ulate against improper business prac- tices and to determine the propriety of general business dealings where those dealings affected country-Wide business or the interests of the publl~ It takes no stretch of the imagina- tion to see how Presidential interfer- ence with the commission personnel would result in changes of commission policy. One business practice might be held proper by a commission whose majority was conservative while that same practice would be considered Il- legal by a commission dominated by a liberal or radical membershiP. It be- comes obvious then that if the Presi- dent were permitted to disturb the personnel of the commission, especially Judges, there could be no continuity of policy and business itself would hardly know from day to day when it was abiding by the law or when it was not. $ $ $ Several months ago, I recall, I re- ported to you In these columns some- thing in the nature AAA Comes of a prediction that Ne, xt the Supreme court would become better known to the general public before the current Administration ,had ended than it had been known since it rendered the famous Dred Scott decision in civil war days. It was a perfectly obvious circumstance. Sooner or later the questions of a constitutional nature in- volved in the New Deal procedure ob- viously were going to be tested in court. Now, I feel warranted in reporting that the highest court again will be in the public eye. The next momen- tous decision likely to come from the bench of the nine austere Justices will be a ruling affecting the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and there- fore of vital import to the American farmer. There will be other cases in- relying New Deal plans, of course, but their importance cannot possibly be as great as any decision affecting the AAA, because it is an integral part of the New Deal program for recovery. There Is no possibility of s ruling on any AAA questions before next Oc- tober. No test cases have yet reached the Supreme court for argument but there are half a dozen wending their slow way through minor courts. Con- sideration by the Supreme court even- tualiy is, of course, certain because they involve constitutional questions. Notwithstanding the fact that a Su- preme court decision on the AAA is con- siderably distant, it is to be noted that after the NRA was outlawed, there was considerable scurrying around among AAA officials. Fresh considera- tion was given to many points of law over whlch there Is doubt. Amend- meats which the AAA have asked congress to enact to strengthen the original Adjustment Act were suddenly withdrawn from t~e senate floor by those who sponsored them. The reason given was that there were imperfections which ~hould be corrected. The real ~n for the action was fear ef sud- over the THIS WEEK Humpty.Dumpty NRA Many Damocles Swords Biggest and Fastest Gangster Ingenuity Refusing to admit the resemblance between NBA and Humpty-Dumpty, that "all the king's horses and all the king's men" could not put together again, Washlngtou will gather up the pieces of NRA and try to reconstruct "something as good." The process may remind recon- structors of the boy who took his watch apart, put it together and proud- ly said to his friends. "Not only Arthur Brisbmme have I put It to- gether, but I have quite a number of pieces left over that I do not need." The Weyerhaeuser kidnapers, how- ever "hard-boiled" they may be, must feel nervous when they hand out one of the $200,000 ransom bills, knowing that the number and series of every bill are iu the possession of govern- ment detectives. It will not make spending the money more. agreeable to learn that thirty "G-men" from the attorney general's office will devote their entire time to hunting for those bills and tracing the spenders of themeS200,000 worth of Damocles swords. The giant French ship Normandie is here and pleasing to Americans who like superlatives. She Is the biggest liner ever launched, the longest, broad- esL heaviest, costliest. And, crossing in 4 days 11 hours 42 minutes, she is the fastest. She is built, not for profit, but for glory and to advertise French supremacy. England will soon send her Queen Mary after the Normandie's record and, doubtless, Mussolini will soon enter the race. Uncle Sam? Well. he is busy with other things, very busy, Just now. In the line of viciousness, modern gangsters show Ingenulty. Police give these details of the death of Danny Walsh, head of a bootleg-rum syndi- cate who was kidnaped, ransomed for $40,000, later murdered. Enemies took him to sea in a boat, made him sit wlth his feet In a tub of wet cement, end watch while It hardened. He was then thrown overboard with the tub of cement hard around his feet. Sev- eral times, while he watched the cement harden, it must have occurred to Danny Welsh that a criminal ca- reer is not profitable. To say, "Man is half tiger and half monkey" is sometimes unjust to the monkey. At High Point, N. C., J. R. Riggs, mlddle-aged, operating a filling station, was found, with tenpenny nails driven through each ha~d and each fool fastened to a rough wooden cross. The man, having been nailed to the cross only for a short time, will probably live. Rlggs admitted he had engineered the cruclfixlon to regain his wife's affection. Sometimes gangsters show signs of intelligence. Volney Davis, arrested in Chicago in connection with the Bremer kidnaping, was "flown" to St. Paul, and, arriving there, confessed complicity in the kidnaping, saying to the Judges: "I knew I could not get away from the 'G-men.'' Land ownership is the best founda- tion of prosperity and security, under Just government. Those seeking to establish refugees from Germany in Palestine decide. wisely, to begin with land ownership. A fund expected to exceed $5,000,000 ia being raised for that purpose. The ground under your feet cannot run away, cannot be stolen. King George, seventy years old, cel- ebrated his birthday reviewing troops, wearing the uniform of colonel-in-chief of the Irish Guards. He rode to Buck. ingham palace on horseback, all four of his sons riding with him. while thou- sands cheered. Recently the queen celebrated her sixty-eighth birthday. It is desirable that the husband be a little eider than the wife. Tha~ gives him an excuse for compla}ning. He can always say, "Walt until you are as old as I am and you will un- derstand." A Brooklyn glrl, ten years old, paid $1 for a sweepstakes ticket, won $30,. 000. It will cost other little girls and btg men and women many dollars for every dollar accidentally won. Uncle Sam is presumed to get his share of the winnings in income tax. He and his country would be richer if he could find a way to prevent the gambling invasion. The United States has important work to do outside of NRA and its revision, work with which the Su. preme court would not Interfere, and that is the control of floods, protection of population against them. Two hun- dred and fifty are reported killed in southwesteru Nebruka. fullowlng flood and torna~. BEVERLY HILLS.~Well all I is Just what I read in the papers what I see here and there~ weeks ago we up on the mento River ing a fine time. are great folks around there. they are nice everywhere. Legislature was session, and had Just their 100 all they are and it was tough on the old boys at that, to there and not get paid, so from all they got was cussing. Before, got paid and cussing combined, they eliminated the pay. Well sir I had a happy knew he was up there dtdent know just where, as I hear him every little while, but I seen him in years, that was Buck gee. Buck McKee was the used to work with me in a act and rode the horse, or little pony rather, Teddy. He trained in pony for the stage. He wasent any pony, he Just worked on a smooth stage, with felt bottom boots on his feet like goloshes, and run my fancy roping catches. But trained him to do on a slick about what a good turning do on the ground. We started the act in the I~05, Just exactly 30 years to a from when I met Buck up in mento. He was with me for I was four or five years. We trips to Europe togeather. We over Just one year after I had on the stage. That was in the 1906. We went to the Winter Theatre in Berlin, that was the Vaudeville TheatN of all played there a month. The act quite a novelty, as it was the to ever use a running horse to be I seed at on the stage. Buck was, a great fellow, very efficient. do almost anything and the best is that everybody liked him. I meet an old time actor that play with in vaudeville that do~ about. "Where is that fellow Buck Kee that was with you so long to ride Teddy?" Well he is at Roseville, Cal., a tlful little town about 20 miles Sacramento toward Rend, Nay. Is handling horses, the thing he, best in the world. He runs a academy about two miles out of at the "Whipple Ranch," has 15 years. Everybody knows him as usual. His wife Maudy him. She was a dancer in a act that we played on the bill They fell in love an~ she has developed into a horsewoman, and they are teachers and they have learned young and old people both to ride correctly, and above all theY so good to their horses, lots and real love for a ing in some lovely young lng gaited horses out of them. He fine thoroughbred stallion, and lug a few young ones good to see era. We come back from Berlin and played the Palace Theatre then we went back to London in We played in that very the hot summer of 1907 on called the Sullivan and cuit. J. C. Nugent playwright, with all his was on the blil and Billy our hang OUL H~ is now the of the big and fine Senator Sacramento. We Just stood at each other that day. Buck and ] thirty yeexs ago we had steppe~ stage togeather, only he was back. He always ,said. "I can if anything happens, but the can ~et you." Those were (but darn it any old days. Even the tough are over. you can look back 0~ great memorys). I was married too in 1908. times the salary wasent any ship Buck and his wife and my wife and self, to the next town. In fact I think Buck rode some of the short Jumps. It was great fun. not a wor- ry. I regret the loss of vaudeville more than any part of it. It was the greatest form of entertain- ment ever con- ceivad. Nothing in the world ever give the satisfaction of a good vaudeville show. We proud to be playing in it. It those days. Buck looks fine, and of course I am Just babe iu arms yet. BUt lJuet old friends and old timers to know about Buck. catch him. Speaking bet he has more times than He did look great much so I must