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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
May 17, 2018     Golden Valley News
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May 17, 2018
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May 17, 2018 Golden Valley News Page 5 t- :,~: . Ready to sound an alarm? A prairie dog peeks from its burrow as a prescribed burn is ongoing in the background at the South Unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park on May 4. (Photo by Richard Volesky) Beef Talk By Kris Ringwall rain North Dakota anglers and water recreationists are reminded that all water must be drained from boats be- fore leaving a water body. This regulation, intended to help prevent the spread of aquatic nui- sance species, includes all watercraft and associated bilges, livewells, baitwells and motors. However, an- sure water from Time out of the water needed to re- move aquatic vegetation at the im- mediate water access area is allowed. All legal live aquatic organisms used by anglers, including legal bait- fish (fathead minnows), amphibians (salamanders and frogs), inverte- brates (crayfish and leeches) and in- cattle health management at turnout time Spring turnout to the pasture is a calving herds, branding or turnout mately 150 days after receiving an in a research setting, and producers o. ,~ good time for producers to review time is a good opportunity to protect intranasally administered modified' should consult with their veterinaran 'v:~: their cow-calf health management the calf through the summer grazing live vaccine, about using the products plans, according to North Dakota period through appropriate manage- In herds that have biosecurity pro- Good stewardship also applies to State University Extension livestock ment. One of the important compo- cedures in place and practice annual calf-processing procedures and re- , experts, nents of the health insurance plan is cow herd vaccination for BVDV, ducing stress on the animals, the spe- .~. ~;i They note that prolonged feeding vaccinations." vaccination for calves at turnout may cialists say, They recommend ~<' :~ due to slow grass growth, and ex- Viral agents that are common not be necessary. In this scenario, producers: -, ,i treme cold and wet conditions this causes of respiratory or reproductive producers may consider using a mod- * Make sure vaccine delivery in- .::~ : spring have created a variety of chal- issues include infectious bovine ified live virus' intranasal vaccine struments are in good repair, don't ~ -~: lenges for young livestock, particu- rhinotracheitis (IBR), parainfluenza containing IBR, PI3 and BRSV at leak and deliver the right amount ,' ~,' larly for those in dry lots or areas type 3 (PI3), bovine viral diarrhea preweaning time, Booster doses are * Provide ways to keep vaccines ~-~': with high concentrations of live- virus (BVDV) and bovine respiratory not administered commonly but can at the proper temperature, such as " stock, syncytial virus (BRSV). Modified be used four to six weeks following vaccine coolers "The passive transfer of immunity live" virus and killed (inactivated) the initial dose if necessary. * Make sure they have enough from the dam is dependent on the products are available for these dis- In addition, the specialists recom- needles to allow for frequent;'~ availability of high-quality colostrum eases. Other risks may include mend a seven- or eight,way changes, and if using intranasal vac- containing adequate levels of anti- clostridial diseases, pinkeye and clostridial vaccine Assessing the risk cines, have a supply of ~ntrana~al bodies, as well as protein', energy, vi- footrot, of clostridial disease is difficult, but cannulas tamins and minerals," says ]anna The specialists encourage produc- using an inexpensive, effective in- * Walk through the handling fa- :~:, Kincheloe, Extension livestock sys- ers to work with their veterinarian to surance policy against this family of cilities before working cattle, and re- tems specialist at NDSU's Hettinger evaluate which vaccines to use based diseases may be a wise decision, they pair breaks, brace weak spots and !: Research Extension Center "Envi- on three principles: say. make changes if cattle flow is less ronmental stress from prolonged * Are vaccines necessary? Is the Pinkeye vaccines are available in than expected winter weather conditions, combined risk of the disease significant? the commercial market, and the op- * Change handling procedures if,: ~ with low-quality feedstuffs, may * Are vaccines effective? portunity to create a herd-specific au- hollering, screaming, hand waving have reduced the quality of * Are vaccines safe to use? togenous vaccine is available and running to move cattle and peo- .~ . '~ colostrum available to newborn In suckling calves, maternal im- However, evidence of their efficacy pie are part of their normal working ':~I calves." munity (acquired throughcolostrum) is lacking. Fly control, rotational procedures Wet and cold conditions early this may inhibit a complete immune re- grazing, early treatment and separat- "With challenges experienced by i:~i spring created aprime environment sponse (antibody) to modified live ing infected animals from the rest of newborn livestock this winter and ;i= for bacteria and other pathogens that virus vaccines However, Stokka the herd help reduce the spread of spring, now is a good time to evalu- can cause scours and other issues, says research at NDSU's Central pinkeye ate current vaccination and herd : "In addition to managing current Grasslands Research Extension Cen- The specialists note that many health management protocols and ad- health problems, producers need to ter showed that an intranasally ad- products on the market, such as im- just if necessary," Kincheloe says. : start thinking forward to health in- ministered vaccine for IBR, PI3 and mune stimulants or nutritional sup- "Developing strategies to improve ' surance programs for nursing calves BRSV has been effective in spring- plements (probiotics and prebiotics), calf health during the razing season ' i on pasture,", says Gerald Stokka, Ex- born (2- to 3-month-old) calves. The claim to boost the immune system or is key in ensuring desired perform- tension veterinarian and livestock greatest response was in calves that promote gut health However, few of ance and preparing the calls immune .-,~ stewardship specialist. "For spring- received a booster dose approxi- these products have been evaluated system for weaning." :~3 On day 21 following bull turnout, 60 percent of cows bred Are the cows ready to breed, and will 60 percent conceive a calf within 21 days following bull turnout? In reality, cattle never should be out of shape for breeding. Weather and feed supplies always should be managed so animals are in good condition. The important point, however, is to know where the cat- tle operation is at, avoiding un- is a function of the time from calv- ing to bull turnout. Assuming a gestation length of 283 days, you have an 82-day window to prep the cycling, all Within 82 days? issue in the fall when cows are ~,/i. The answers will be available in prone to adding condition. ~;~ the fall at pregnancy checking Several managerial options time, but the expectation is that 60 exist that can refine the environ- percent of the mature cows should ment cows live in, but they come be pregnant in the first 21 days of with an expense. Through time, the breeding season. And the man- cows need to fit their environment. :"; agerial goal through time would be The best indicator is the percentage , to boost the first-cycle pregnancy of cows maintaining a 365-day rate to more than 63 percent, calving interval, or simply count ' ' ; The bottom line is that cows the number of cows bred in 21 t ""9 -5 foreseen disappointments next fall. cow to rebreed and conceive a calf need to be ready to rebreed before days. If 60 percent of the cows are Let's talk about cows. Typical for next year calving, but in reality, this year's bred, management is working. 1,300-pound cows consume 25 to As body weight and condition breeding success already has been A closing thought: Delaying ;: glers can transport fish on ice in a sects must be purchased and/or 30-plus pounds of dry matteraday decrease, acow will not resume re- determined. If the percentage of bull turnout would allow cows a < ~ q separate container. ~z:,:;~.~r.~l/ped ~ ~orth Dakota. Anglers r" depending on the stage' Of preg- productive activity until she can re- mature cows, cal~ing,'~s~lawer:daan !l, one~time opport~/fiit~ t0 make up In additives,all dram,pIug~,:th~ueean trarr.vape~t:,l~v~ba~t:~r~ateran~,:?W v ~,~ milk" -rnducti,m Dry plenish her bodys needs While 60 percent.dti/a~ng ~he *Yii~t"Tl""~s; '" test condmon and move calwng may hold back water must be re- Containers of five gallons Or less m pregnant cows will be at the lower feeding her calf. Even with-ln a "' :'"' " ', of the calving season or lower than later That s somethrng to think moved, and water draining devices volume The only exception is that end of total feed needs. Lactating well-conditioned cow herd, 1,300- must be open, on all watercraft and anglers may not transport live bait in recreational, commercial and con- water away from the Red River struction equipment bilges and con- (Class I ANS infested ~vaters). At fined spaces, during any Class I ANS infested waters, all out-of-water transport, water must be drained from bait Other ANS regulations require: buckets as anglers leave the shore, or All aquatic vegetation must be remove their boat from the water. removed frornboats, personal water- Anglers must properly dispose of craft, trailers and fishing equipment unused bait away from the river, as such as fishing rods, bait buckets, dumping bait in the water or on lures and waders before leaving a shore is illegal. body of water. That means "vegeta- Transportation of live white tion free" when transporting water- suckers, other thanwithin Richland, craft and/or equipment away from a Cass, Traill, Grand Forks, Walsh and boat ramp, landing area or shoreline Pembina counties, is illegal. June peak month for crashes with deer The North Dakota Game and Fish skills. Department offers a simple message The only time a baby animal to well-intentioned humans who should be picked up is if it is in an want to pick up and rescue what ap- unnatural situation, such as a young pear to be orphaned baby animals songbird found on a doorstep. In that this time of year - don't touch them. case, the young bird could be moved Whether it is a young fawn, duck- to the closest suitable habitat. ling, cottontail rabbit or a songbird, Citizens should also steer clear of it is better to just leave them alone, adult wildlife, such as deer or moose More often than not, young ani- that might wander into urban areas. mals are not abandoned or deserted, Crowding stresses animals, and this and the mother is probably nearby, could lead to a potentially dangerous Young wildlife are purpos, ely placed situation into seclusion by their mothers to In addition, motorists are re- protect them from predators, minded to watch for deer along road- Anytime a young wild animal has ways. June is one of the peak months human contact its chance for sur- for deer-vehicle accidents because vival decreases significantly. It's il- young animals are dispersing from legal to take wild animals home, and their home ranges. With deer more captive animals later returned to the active during these months, the po- wild will struggle to survive because tential for car-deer collisions in- they do not possess learned survival creases. cows may very well exceed the pound cows normally will lose upper end. weight and body condition follow- Remember, as cows climb the ing calving and early lactation, so body weight ladder, to 1,500 to now is not the time to add nutri- 1,600 pounds, they are going to tional stress. need 25-plus percent more daily Research at the Dickinson Re- dry matter. Cows with access to search Extension Center shows enough daily dry matter of good cows easily can lose almost 5 per- green grass generally will maintain cent of their body weight in early a good condition. Those cows thai lactation. Various studies reveal do not should be moved to the mar- one body condition score is equal ket pen. to 60 to 80 pounds, the typical A basic management premise is early lactation and calving weight that the cattle in residence within loss we see at the center. Given the the herd should meet the environ- weather challenges from April, mental challenges of the cow-calf seeing cows that have dropped in enterprise setting As a producer, if condition if nursing a calf should one looks over and sees some be no surprise. "ribby" cows, or those that are ob- Let's take a managerial timeout viously thin or pretty hard to the from a producer perspective. Cows touch, some sorting might not be a this time of year should be in suit- bad idea. able condition. However, if cows You even may want to start an are losing condition, the current early market beef pen. These cows nutritional protocol is not meeting could be early weaned midsummer, their needs. The cows are milking and the cows could be sent to town more than predicted or the envi- while the calves are left on grass, ronment is rougher than thought. Given the perplexity of weather, So, back to the original ques- the ability to decrease the stocking tion: "Are the cows ready to breed?" Well with cows heading rate to preserve forage for the pro- ductive cows always needs to be an out to grass at a proper stocking option Condition scores lower rate, the cows will do what-they need to do. And quite remarkably, than a 5 require a second look; re- breeding flags pop up if the scores cattle do well. are lower than a 4. But still, if cows are thin at bull Every herd has an occasional turnout, maybe that would be a thin cow, but that should not be the good time to rethink calving time. norm. And if the norm, then some This is an opportunity for a big- serious consideration of ilternative picture look at the operation Will cow types should be placed on the the cows keep a 365-day calving discussion table, interval? Are cows recovering from calving, starting lactation and Keep in mind, rebreeding cows Listings for high school sporting events, plus public events that are free to anyone and aren't fund-raisers or aren't family or business invitations, can be published free of charge in this column. Region 5 Boys High School Golf Meet, 9 a.m May 17, at Heart River Golf Course Region 5 Girls Golf Meet, 9 a.m May 18, Pheasant I I I I I'il I I What's Happening? " Country Golf Course Lincoln Elementary School Carnival, Beach, May 18, from 1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Southwest Regional Track Meet, 10 a.m May 19, Biesiot Activities Center, Dickinson Prairie School graduation, Fairfield, 7 p.m Thursday, May 24 Girls and Boys Class B State Track and Field Meet, I II I I I I May 25-26, Bismarck Commu- nity Bowl 32nd Annual Dakota Cow- boy Poetry Gathering, May 26- 27, Medora Community Center Badlands Gravel Battle, Medora, May 27, 120-mile bi- cycle competition South Heart High School graduation, 12:30 p.m Sunday, May 27, South Heart School Gym II I I I I I Beach High School gradu- ation, 2 p.m Sunday, May 27, Beach High School Gym Belfield High School grad- uation, 2:30 p.m Sunday, May 27, Belfield School Gym Class B Boys State Golf Meet, May 29-30, Maple River Golf Course Class B Girls State Golf Meet, May 29-30, Dakota Winds is historically normfil on the opera- about. tion, make a big note to revisit this May you find all your ear tags. When government takes action, it uses local newspapers to notify you. Reading your public notices is the best way to find 0ut what happening in your community and how it affects you. Ify0u don t read public notices, you never know what you m ght n]lss, Public NOtice Resource Center " 5 ~lqc ,~, ? "C;[? 5 % : i "j ~: %0