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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
February 17, 1944     Golden Valley News
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February 17, 1944
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GOLDEN VALLEY NEWS i WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS ] Two.Way Red ArmyOffensive ...... Traps German Divisions Southeast of Kiev; 'Bitterest Battle' Wages Near Cassino; Furloughs Likely for Pacific Veterans .,. , (ZDITO]~'B NOTE: When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those of Western Newspaper Union's news &nsiysts and not neeessarUy of this newspaper.) l~eleased by Western Newspaper Union. *RUSSIA: *Molotov's Cocktai|' Big international news of the month was Russia's grant of inde- pendence in foreign affairs and defense preparations to 16 republics making up the soviet govern- ment. "Molotov's latest cocktail" was the way London's diplo- matic circles de- scribed the move, which, to all praY- Yyeheslav " tical purposes would Molo~v still leave all iB of the republics under Moscow's control through the Com- munist party, but at the same time would qualify each one to represen- tation at the peace table. Announced by Foreign Commissar Vyeheslav Molotov, the plan em- braced the territories of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, of White Rus- sia in old Poland, and of Karelo- Finland, all of which would be con- stituted as republics after their an- nexation by Russia, as a fulfillment of the Atlantic charter's guarantee of self-government for all small ha- Lions. Drive Continues Driving on the heels of retreating German troops, the Reds crossed into Estonia on the Baltic battle- front, while farther to the south, oth- er Russ forces continued their ham- rnering along the prewar Polish bor. der. By smashing toward the Baltic at one end of the 250.mile northern front, and pressing their attacks along the prewar Polish border at the other, the Reds threatened a breakthrough that would trap the whole German army in this sector. Stiffest German resistance was being met near the prewar Polish border, although the Nazis were fighting a strong rear-guard action in the Baltic. As a result of the Baltic drive, the Reds cleared the Nazis from below Leningrad, gain- ing control of the extensive network of railroads in the vicinity "Attrition warfare"~that is, the wearing out of the enemy--contin- ued in the Ukraine, where the Rus- sians went hack to the offensive after German counterattacks 80 miles from the Rumanian border. FURLOUGH: For Pacific Vets I~ the facilities and battle cmadi- Lions allow, an increasing number of veterans with two years or more lervice in the Pacific area will be granted furloughs, Com. Gen. Mll- lard F. Harmon declare& Already a program of replacing vets with fresh troops has been ini- tiated, General Harmon said, but on a limited scale. Availability of ship- ping and need for troops for the in. creasing tempo of the Pacific war- fare will determine the extent of the furlough program, General Harmon explained. *'Anyone in a responsible position in the army, from General Marshall down, appreciates the desirability of rotating men in the combat zones," General Harmon said. "But they also appreciate the need for winning the war, and you cannot allow rota- tion of personnel to interfare unduly with that accomplishment." PACIFIC : Won't Fight Again the boastful Japanese fleet refused to come out and fight, and following the heaviest naval born. bardment in history which left shore defenses in smoking tatters, U. S. forces overran the Marshall islands in mid.Pacific. One of the enemy's last outer de- fensive rims of their main holdings in the Philippine area, the Mar- shalls, were virtually suxrendered by the enemy, without the bitter, last- ditch fight expected, When marines swarmed ashore after a murderous barrage of U. S~ naval guns, they met only scattered pillbox oppdsi- 1ion. the enemy's own big artillery pieces having been smashed. Invasion of the Marshalls gave the U. S. a springboard for the next step in the march to Tokyo, now 2,000 miles off, while reports indi- cated that the gaps were massing planes all through the Philippine and homeland area to meet the push of the greatest naval armada in his. tory, when that day comes. ~HIGHLIGHTS i t GAKTERS: Hope for synthetic rubber for garters, girdles and other garments faded with the announce- ment that the rubber direetor has forbidden the use of neoprene except a few critical civilian items. ITALY: Bitterest Fighting Bitterest battle of the bitter Ital- ian campaign was being fought around the Nazis' mountain strong- hold of Cassino, with valiant U. S. doughboys working their way into the town behind the rumbling roar of their tanks, while German sui- cide squads sniped from battered buildings now in rubble. Forty miles to the north, the ene- my rushed in reinforcements to counter the Fifth army operating from its beachhead below Rome, with parachutists, antiaircraft gun- ners, tankmen and reconnaissance units formed into regular units to fight off the U. S. and British troops moving on the Germans' supply roads under the heavy fire. Although Cassino itself lay heaped in ruins, the enemy clung stubbornly to dominating heights around the town, and dug firmly into a strong web of concrete machine-gun and mortar pits on the level ground. As doughboys picked their way through the. defensive maze, they closed on the main highway leading northward to Rome, over which the enemy was supplying his troops. SOLDIER VOTING: Red-Hot Issue Joining with the almost solid Re- publican 'bloc, southern representa. tires' In the nation's Capitol held their ground for state control of soldier voting in opposition to the adrninistration's plan for federal su- pervision of elections for the offices of President, senator and congress- mah by means of a blank ballot on whic~ servicemen would write in either the names of their choices or just mark the party they favored. A compromise between the senate and house loomed, with the senate favoring s bill which would allow use of the federal ballot for soldiers whose states failed to provide for absentee voting by July 1, and the house lined up for a measure direct- ing the distribution of applications for ballots among servicemen and prompt provision of such ballots by states if the application is accepted, SUPREME COURT: Changeable Opinions Litigants and lower courts are be- ing left without a basis for settling legal disputes as a result of the Su- preme court's ten- dency to disregard its previous deci. siena, Justices Rob- erts and Frankfur. tar declared. The two Justices expressed their opinion following the Supreme court's JusticeB~berte award of compensa- tion to a seaman for injuries sustained as a result of the use of defective equipment by the employer, when better facilities were available. The court's action reversed its previous rulings in sire. liar cases. Said Justices Roberts and Frank. furter: "The evil resulting from overruling earlier considered decl. stone must be evident . . . Defend. ants will not know whether to liti- gate or settle, for they will have no assurance that a declared rule will be followed . . . Respect-for tTibu- nals must fail when the bar and pub- lic come to understand that nothing that has been said in prio~ adjudi- cation has any force in a current controversy." WAR SPENDING: On Rise During the first half of the 1944 fiscal year starting last July, U. S. government expenditures totaled 52 billion dollars, compared with 41 billion dollars for the same period in 1943, and the increased spending rate was maintained dur- ing January. More than 7~ briton dollars was spent last month, in comparison with about 6 billion dollars for January, 1943, with the army ac- counting for 118 million dollars of the increase and the navy 808 mil- lion dollars. Because of the current pay-as-you. go tax deductions from weekly wage envelopes, treasury receipts for Jan. uary were above last year, thus bringing in-gu and out-go into better balance. Bond sales also were up more than 450 million dollars over January, 1943. . in the week's news J I i i , LPI~LE STOBESt Sales ~ff inde- pendent retailers were 13 per cent higher in 1943 than in ~the previous year, These figures do not include department crease of IT per cent in and fabrics had to FEED: See Relief Because of o decline in require- ments of ,concentrates when pas- tures are opened and a 16 per cent drop in the 1944 spring pig crop, the nation's tight feed supply should be relieved soon, the Bureau of Agri- cultural Economics said. However, overall prospects for the year are not so rosy, even though the geographical distribution of sup- plies has been improved by an in- crease in the corn price ceiling and the set-aslde allocation for high pro- rein feeds. BAE noted that with prices for lay- ing mash this spring up 12 to 15 per cent over last year, the egg-feed price ratio will be less favorable, since returns on eggs are not likely to increase. Total slaughter of chickens for 1944 should approxi- mate the 1943 record of 3 billion 800 million pounds, despite prob- able decrease in the marketing of young chickens. STOCK EXCHANGE: Shows Profit For the first time since 1936, the New York Stock Exchange showed a profit in 1943, earnings amounting to $675.509 against a loss of $815,972 in 1942. In addition, it was revealed that the Stock Exchange collected $228,- 000 in initiation fees, which was not added to profit but rather was trans- ferred to the capital account. Last year, $296,000 was collected in such fees. Reflecting the increased invest- ment interest as a result of the war boom, 276,742,000 shares of stock were traded in 1943, compared with 125,685,000 shares in 1942. Daily trading averaged approximately 1,000,000 shares, against 450,000 throughout 1942. The brisk action has been maintained this year. Weighs Less j Six pounds, five ounces when born, tiny Paulette Matthes of Chi- cago celebrated her first birthday, weighing three ennees less, in a cue li~tt has bamed physicians. Only able to digest s little of a formula of milk and water, tiny Paulette has been in need of almost day and night care, which her moth- er has unselfishly given. It was a happy birthday, with Paulette, now n inches long, smiling for the first time. The Matthee have a thriving son, Ronsld, 4. MORE MONEY: Circulation Up Tax evasion by people with large incomes, and activities ~f "black market "operators are at least part. ly responsible for the huge rise in money in circulation, a current sur- -vey has revealed. At the present, currency in circulation amounts to 20 billion dollars, or $150 per dapita. Demand for $I,000 bills has more than doubled since the war started. There were 300,000 of these floating in 1941 and there are some 700,000 now. One hundred dollar bills are most*in demand, their use rising from 8 million to 27 million since Pearl Harbor. *'Black market" dealers in furni. Lure. jewelry and the like. buy and sell on a strictly cash basis keeping no accounts on which taxes might be levied, the survey explained. Simi- lar ways of tax evasion are possible in other transactions, all requiring large amounts of paper money. Lipstick Troublesome [ Imprinting letters with lipstick might provide a thoughtful and ten. der touch, but when they're to be sent V-mall, they smear the equip- ment Jmd blur the film, Chicago V-m~U authorities say. Other difficulties encountered in Dreparing V-mail film include let- ters written with a hard lead Pencil or faulty typewriter which cannot be photographed. Because all V-mail is sent by air, delivery tfme averages five days. About 1~,~0 pieces of such mail are handie~ daily. ACCIDENT TOLL Last year 94,500 people were killed in accidents, and 9,700,000 were in- Jured. The death toll represented a decline of 1 per cent from 1942. The death rate of 70.4 per I00,000 population was the lowest since 1{}22. Motor vehicles accounted for 23,- 300 deaths, 5,000 under 1942, and smallest since 1925. Occupational accidents took 18,000 lives, a per cent below the previous year. Compromise Forecast in Debate on CCC Extension Labor to Use Organized Strength to Fight Increased Prices; Administration Is Counting on That Support. By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator., WNU Service, Union Trust Building, last war, it rose steadily, 128 per Washington, D.C. cent. However, there is a catch in A few weeks ago, an earnest and those figures. In the last war, the agreeable young man came to my farmer's dollar rose only 13 cents office from the American Farm Bu- in purchasing power. Today, the reau federation His name is Ben farmer's income has risen 72 per Kilgore. He is a Kentucky Farm cent in terms of purchasing power bureau man, a former farm paper Preliminary Report editor who has just been put in charge of the bureau's publicity here Just what is ahead? On or before in Washington, probably as a result February 17, debate will begin on of some remarks without any bark the bill extending the life of the Corn- on them which Chester Davis, for- modity Credit corporation containing mer war food administrator and an anti-subsidy provision. president of the Federal Reserve Meanwhile, the farm bloc adher- Bank of St. Louis, made at the re. ents and supporters will probably cent bureau convention, carry on a pretty good publicity plan Davis did not say that the bureau for their side and some of the con- and some other farm organizations sumer groups will be heard fi'om. were interfering with the war effort Labor will shout the loudest and and trying to be hoggish by fighting most effectively. But that is simply for higher food prices but he did say because it is a large and a well- that the people of the country were organized group. It is a strange beginning to talk that way about thing, but America, which has or- farmers. And he told the organiza- ganizations of almost every kind and Lion members that if they weren't description formed largely for in- as black as they were painted, they creasing the income of its members, had better begin telling the people has very few organizations formed for the purpose of decreasing their of the country so. And so the bureau went out for expense. Consumers, as such, are some "new blood." Kilgore is not not organized. There are. of course, new to the farm bureau but he is a few cooperatives but they are new to Washington. He has served hardly more than local affairs and, in Kentucky. He knows his sub- comparatively speaking, small and ject and can write about it. weak. This is due to the cheerful I couldn't say whether he has Americari theory that if you haven't brightened the grim picture which got enough money to pay your ex- Mr. Davis painted to the bureau--- penses, you ought to go out and get he-has hardly had time--but his some more money. presence is evidence of dynamics In any case, labor (although or- which are energizing this chip of ganized l~rimarily to get more pay) the farm bloc--or one might put it is going to use its organized strength the other way, for the Farm Bureau to fight higher prices and the ad- federation is really the tail that wags ministration is at present counting the dog when it comes to getting on enough support from the labor congressional action, lobby itself, the results of the pro- subsidy publicity on the general pub- And soon action will begin, for the lic, to sustain a presidential veto o! grace extended to the Commodity any measure banning subsidies. Credit corporation expires February There is no sign of enough votes to 17 and then the fight over the subsi- dies begins in earnest, prevent the passage of the bill, but enough are expected to sustain the The Federation "Line' veto. So that legislative process will What the publicity plans of the" have to be gone through with unless farm organizations are, I do not the farm bl5c feels it has an accu- know, but this is the "line" as Kil- rate measure of the administration's gore expressed it to me: strength, as revealed by various test "The American Farm Bureau fed- votes, so that it can compromise eration is not opposing consumer without going through the veto proc- subsidies in order to break down ess. Either way, some kind of s price control and obtain higher farm compromise will undoubtedly be reached. prices. The present general farm But the way is a weary one. price level is high enough. All we ask is for a few sensible price ad- justments on specific commodities Preview of . . Such small and specific adjust- lnvaslon Tactlca meats are far more practical and With invasion in the offing 1 de. wholesome than a billion or more cided I wanted a preview. A Little dollars out of the federal treasury difficult to arrange, I admit. I know. to help pay the consumers grocery however, that you could see a full bill and to regiment and socialize dress rehearsal at the amphibious the farmers of this nation." base at Fort Pierce, Fla. That The War Food administration, institution has been cloaked in the charged with carrying out the war darkest secrecy until recently. Just farm program, has no publicity plan. before the base celebrated its anni. As a matter of fact, the office of versary I was allowed toqook behind Administrator Jones is about the the scenes. quietest place in Washington as far No details can be reported of this as the public goes. Its work is car- revolutionary development in Amer. ried on without press agenting right ican military history that started now. fresh from zero. One reason why we don't hear For almost a fuli week I watched much from the war food adminis, and. in s0me cases, worked with trator right now is because the food the men who make "amphibiQus ac- situation is pretty good. Of course, tion" possible,--those who go over there is wrangling about prices but the transport side into the landing that isn't in his department. The craft and up the beach, and the other last week in January he announced men who see that they get there, his support prle~s which can't be from scGuts end raiders who sli~ in carried out unless the three billion at night, crawling through the wash dollar agency that keeps floors of s *strange beach to throttle the under farm prices, the Commodity sentries and clear the way for the Credit corporation, is continued, others, to the last of the reserves. Jones made it plain that the 1944 I have never met a finer type of program depended entirely on con- man, soldier or marine, and they gressional action. In reply to a are all there--army, navy, coast question, he said it could be carried guard, and the engineers, the sea- I out "without subsidies." bees, the medicos, scouts, raiders There isn't any question that con- and the other specialists. Coopers- areas will favor the support plan. Lion is the key to the greatest That's accepted as essential in war- achievement in amphibious action-- time and sometimes welcomed at army and navy working together as other times. The reasoning is that one. It is a navy operation right up you don't ask a munition maker to to the fide water mark, where the sign a contract to deliver machine army takes command. but a close- guns without telling him what the ly interwoven texture, as much a price will be. In order to carry out single unit as a fighting division of the farm program, you have to de. land troops or a navy task force. mand certain things of the farmer I talked with their leaders, tough, in order to get the thing you want, quiet young men. who have learned Hence the guaranteed price, by doing--they know what it is to But subsidies are a horse of a land on a strange shore in Africa or different color. Support prices pro- Sicily or the Pacific. They are a tect the l~Odu~er. Subsidies protect great lot--the scouts and raiders the consumer. Without them, the (our commandos) some big, some price ceilings crack little, some college athletes, some Farm fneome has risen 116 per from farm and factory, but all hard. cent in dollars since 1939 when the wiry, certain, and anxious for more war in Europe began. During the action. B R I E F S by Baukhage e e Wood is growing in our forests at barter stores have the rate of about 11,000,000,000 cubic bee~. opened in Berlin, the British feet per year or about 21,~0 cubic radio says, in reporting that the feet per nMnute. Wood is being Berlin chamber of commerce had taken from the forests at the rateof decided to make all Wares subject about I$,000,000,000 cubic feet per to barter. year, of which 2.000,000,000 cubic s feet is lost due to fire, insects, and Texas farm woodlands: have an disease, If these destroyers could excellent record in fire prevention be* controlled, present wood growth with less than 1 Per ~ent burned an. weuld almost balance wood use. nually for .the past several Years. ~. Crochet Work Mercerized 5674 AHANDSOME, inexpensive, pacious knitting bag burgundy and turquoise ized cotton thread--it will hold ! your knitting and can double shopping bag! Crochet it one piece--the bag measures by 11 inches--attach it wooden rods--sew on the and the bag is finished and for use! To obtain coAlet: e;ocheting Lions for the Striped Knitting Bag tern No. 5674) send 16 cents in coiv name and address and the vattern ber. Send your order to: HOME NEEDLEWORK 106 Seventh Ave. New YorR, Nose Must To Re;love Head Colds M~#efies ~Vhen headcolds strike clear the way" for with Kondon's Nasal drugget 36 TABLETS .20 .That's Limited "Did you ever drink all sodas you wanted?" asked of Bert. "Goodness, is there as much that?" asked Bert, Relief At Last ForYour Cre&nulslon r~n_.eves cause it goes right to thl . trouble to help loosen ann ~rm laden phIegn~ and aid to soothe and heal r~w, tender, flamed bronchial mucous branes. Tell your druggist tO = a bottle of C~omu~dn with, derst~ding you must like the way quickly allays to have your CREOMU for CouPs, Chest Colds Large Islands There are six islands world each larger in area Great Britain. SNAPPY A~OUT With synthetic fires obou9 90 be in general use, expert. emphasize again that speed is imp~nt in tire mileage. Thw Jog4sl tluMt of 35 m.p.h, hos boon 4ound to be the best miJeago con- server v~ Wntlmtics, I~ o~ is was with flees of rubber. T~e cords Jose m ~W blowouts ~ a strikes o rough spot In | ..... miles a year for hlghwoy tt~uportotlom tem. ( this conmrved miluga,meanS a let to the rubber