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Newspaper Archive of
Golden Valley News
Beach, North Dakota
January 12, 1939     Golden Valley News
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January 12, 1939
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CLASSIFIED DEPARTMENT It's Time o Sew For Now end Spring IT'S fun to sew during the long winter evenings, when you use these simple patterns, each in- cluding a detailed sew chart, so that you can follow them with no trouble, and listen to the radio at the same time. Right now, the Stores have grand bargains in fab- rics, too, so it's certainly the time to get some~ sewing done. You can make such pretty things, and save so much money, by doing it. Two-Pieeer for Girls. Here's a charming dress that ~irls in the 10-to-16 size range will rove for sckool, and it's so easy to do that those who like sewing can make it themselves. The basque blouse hugs in (by mear~ of darts), to make the waist loeb small. The skirt has such a preb ty flare. Both can be worn with other things. Choose wool crepe, fiat crepe, silk print or moire. Three Pretty Aprons. Make this dainty, useful set el aprons now, and have it ready when spring weather arrives and people begin to drive up unex. pectedly for meals. You'll enjoy having the aprons right now, too, when you serve refreshments to your club. This set is a nice party prize, and a gift idea for your friends who are brides-to-be. It in- eludes two practical pinafore styles, both made so that they can- not slip off your shoulders when you have your hands in the dish water. Also, a sweet little frilly tie- around. Choose dimity, linen, per- caie or dotted Swiss. The Patterns. No. 1657 is designed for sizes I0, 12, 14, and 16 years. Size 12 re- quires 1~ yards of 39 inch mate- rial for long-sleeved blouse; 1~ Yards for short-sleeved blouse; yard for contrasting collar and 1~,6 Yards for skirl No 1639 is desi~e@fot size~, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46. Size 34 requires, for apron No. I, 2 yards of 35 inch material and 1,1 yards of braid. For apron No. 2, 2~/4 yards of 35 inch material and 9 yards of braid. For apron No. 3, 1% yards of 35 inch material and 3 yards of pleating. Send your order to The Sewing Circle Patterrr Dept., Room 1020, :111 W. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IlL Price of patterns, 15 cents (in coins) each. @ Bell Syndlcate.~Wlq~Y So.floe. % , -- How Women in Their 40's Can Attract Men Here', good sdvles f~r~ wo_mn d~ ehanl~ (usually from ~ to r~)..wno ebe'll-lom her appeal to,men, wpo about hot flashes, loss ot pep, em~ nerves and moody Get more fresh air, 8 hrs.~.slmp sad fin need seed ~end ~y~tem tonic tok~. E. Pinldmm's Veg~tble Compgua~ ~seu~ Io~ m It bdpe .Nst~ ~aa Up physie~ rmdst~ee, thus hell~ ~ve morQ yivmdty to enjoy We and smtst eal .m~_ I/tterT ma'vm and dl,turblns sym__ptomJ _v~t3 Doomed to Perish He that despiseth small things will perish by little and little.- Emerson. QUESTION Why sm Luden's Uke ksnom? d~t h~m ~Imm m Four alkaline ruetw~ LUDEN'S 5' MENTHOL COU@H ROPS MERCHANDISE GOLDEN VALLEY NEWS -----Weekly News Analysis Wang Ching.wei's Declaration Forces China to Air Troubles By Joseph W. La Blne-- i EDITOR'S NOTE---When opinions ere ezpreued in these columns, they ere those et th. ..we ensJyst, sad ~ot aecesss.I~ et the ~ewspaper. Asia War-torn China's biggest boast is her constantly growing national unity, a product of necessity that has made Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek the strongest Chinese ruler in modern history. But despite this well-publicized unity, China has not been able to make much of a show- ing against her Japanese invaders. Indeed, foreign military observers find Tokyo's paper-thin front lines so vulnerable that they say 30,000 American, British or French troops could put the enemy to rout. But in Jap-occupied territory are 270,000,- 000 civilians and 1,250,000 armed GENERALISSIMO CHIANG T/m~ m .to~ b/u~n~. guerrillas whose spirit of national unity is still not strong enough to inspire a sudden, inevitably success- ful attack. Better than the national unity argument is the theory that smart General Chiang has been staging a fake show of Chinese nationalism, offering a good front at the expense of his wavering government. Thot~gh Chungking headquarters are over- run with nepotism, corruption and inefficiency, many abuses have been tolerated to make the outside world think China is strong. In the end General Chiang wangled handsome loans and credit arrangements from both the U. S. and Britain, proving the stunt was working, at least temporarily. Not anticipated, however, was the walkout of one.time Premier Wang Ching-wei, who celebrated New Year's by reaching peace terms with Japanese Premier Fuminaro Konoye. Long a silent bulwark of China's Kuomintang (Nationalist) party, Mr. Wang reportedly met at Hongkong with Japanese agents and reached terms which would make him China's head man, leav- ing General Chiang out in the cold. Terms: (1) China should opejt dip- lomati relations with Japanese pup- pet state, Manchukuo; (2) China should agree to economic "co- operation" with Japan; (3) China should adhere to the Jap-ltalo-Ger- man anti-Communist agreement; (4) China should accept Japanese garrisons while the anti-Communist pact was in force. Interpretations of the Wang de- marche have come thick and fast. In Tokyo, happy Japanese thought it meant a breakdown of the Kuomin- tang and the spotlight of publicity on China's internal troubles. With Chi- any weakened, Japanese puppet states would no longer seem point- less. In Shanghai, still Chinese de- spite its Japanese ownership, ob- servers thought the Wang declara- tion was a well-timed Jap move to counteract U. S. and British credits to General Chiang. Whatever the cause, it was a happy day for Tokyo because China has been showing hardened resistance the past few weeks. With the die cast, General Chiang no longer saw need for hiding his troubles. From Chungking came word of a wholesale purge from the Kuomintang of some 200 peace par- tisans. Expelled was Deserter Wang, charged with having attempt- ed to gain support from military leaders in Szechuan and Yunnan provinces. Politics When Purge failed, when Presi- dent Roosevelt's favoritism for Left- Wingere Corcoran, Hopkins, Jack- .son and Oliphant began bothering conservative New Dealers, ferecast- ere saw a coming split in the Dem- ocratic party. Veering away from the White House were Vice Presi- dent Garner, National Chairman Farley and Secretary of State Hull any of whom might be a conserva- tive 1940 presidential candidate. With two cabinet vacancies to fill, President Roosevelt had a chance to widen this breach by naming left wingers. What forecasters overlooked was the always-present possibility of con- cession, both by Garner, Farley, Hull, et am, and the White House. Result: President Roosevelt has named Harry Hopkins to the com- merce secretaryship and former Gov. Frank Murphy of Michigan to the attorney generalship, at the isame time retaining party leader- ship. Roosevelt strategy: Until just be- fore congress opened, the White House reserved comment on what every legislator knew was a certain- ty, namely, drastic revision of such New Deal brainchildren as social security, the Wagner act, relief ad- ministration and neutrality legisla- tion. The President also knew such revision was a certainty, but the trump card was held back. Then, with the Hopkins and Murphy ap- pointments apparently due for con- gressional opposition, the white House was able to soothe ruffled nerves by promising he would do no more bill drafting. Consequently both appointments are being ap- proved, though Hopkins must ap- pear before a committee investigat- ing relief irregularities, and Murphy before the senate judiciary commit- tee to explain his attitude toward sit- down strikes. What cannot be avoided, however, is the feeling that white House con- cessions outweigh those of Mr. Gar- ner and other rebels. Having com- mitted himself to a political back seat while congress is in session, Mr. Roosevelt must find some way to recapture the driver's seat or risk political oblivion by convention time next year. Defense During the World war German "U" boats made naval history by approaching U. S. Atlantic coast cities. Last September German submarines were still a menace, helping to force blockade-wary Britishers into the embarrassing peace of Munich. In January, Ger- man submarines again made head- lines because Berlin announces her determination to equal Great Brit- ain's strength in submarine ton- nage. Under the Anglo-German naval pact of 1935, Germany has this right under emergency, but London fails to understand what emergency faces the Reich today. Now built, under construction or appropriated for are 71 German submarines; smaller than average, their tonnage is only 31,282. Britain, with 73 sub- marines weighing 75,904 tons, finds many of her heavy underwater craft obsolete. Not only is London fright- ened by Germany's numerical su- periority if the Reich builds up to parity, but also because Germany intends to build several large ocean- going submarines of 1,000 tons or more. This program has tremendous sig- nificance on the international pic- ture. It can only stimulate the world arms race, since England must now build more ships capable of convoying her ocean steamers. In France, Where the Anglo-German naval agreement has always been unpopular (because, claims Paris, London should never have recog- nized Germany's right to any naval strength), the Reich's new subma- rine parity has produced g.enu~, alarm. Italy, always a big "U' boat builder, reflects that the corn- bined German- Italian submarine fleets can now patrol the seven seas. Convinced that a new diplomatic onslaught is behind Germany's move, certain British circles are capitalizing on their troubles to win U. S. military support. Their story: That Germany's 1,000 ton subma- rines are being built to cross the Atlantic, in retaliation for the ccol reception Hitler tactics have been receiving in official Washington. If this danger--real or false-can be impressed on U. S, congressmen, Great Britain hopes it wW result in a larger American navy. Science Outstanding among 1938's news stories was the growth and flourish of dictators. To casual investiga- tors, this is a new and revolution- ary phenomenon, but historians re- call that regimentation is centuries old. By year's end, dictators had been placed on the defensive at least in the minds of democratic nation- als in the U. S., Britain and France. And although 1939 may see more growth, more flourish, science has stepped in with a prediction. The man: Dr. John R. Swanton of Washington's Smithsonian insti- tution. The forecast: "In spite of the ef- forts of political social or clerical groups to coerce the spirit of man. man has always been able to resist and reassert his freedom... Chris- tianity, the great revolution of the Eighteenth century and the growth of science have been man's answer to all attempts to dominate him." Miscellany For the first time in its history, New York's Sing Sing prison has executions every week during Jan- uary. Total for the month already scheduled: I0. S U. S. correspondents returning from eighth Pan-American confer- ence at Lima, Peru, have reported censorship, intimidation and spying unlike that ever before seen at a Pan.American assembly. Army participation in the U. S. navy's three-month Atlantic fleet maneuvers has been cancelled be- cause of friction, army officials claimlng the exercise offere little value for its oflicexs and men. Brucharf s Washington Digest President Put Over Fast One in Naming Hopkins to Commerce Post Reduces Chances of Investigation of WPA and Its Relid Spending; Appointment of Harrington to Hopkins' Place Seen as Strategic Move. By WILLIAM BRUCKART WNU Service, National Press Bldg., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON.--Many persons in Washington are convinced that President Roosevelt has slipped a fast ball right over the plate in front of his congressional critics by the transfer of Harry Hopkins to the job of secretary of commerce and the selection of Col. F. C. Har- rington as works progress admin- istrator. It appears to some ob- servers, certainly, that the presi- dential maneuver has gone a long way toward reducing, if not elimi. nating, the chances of a dirty in- vestigation of WPA and its relief spending. The President knew of the brew- ing trouble that had Hopkins as the focus; he was told how much mud slinging was due to take place, and how the haters of Hopkins and his methods were preparing to leave no stone unturned in exposing ev- erything about Hopkins and his or- ganization that could be made to appear slimy. Yet, Hopkins is per- haps the closest of all of the "inner circle" of advisers to the President and surely he is the President's best personal friend. Naturally, he want- ed to keep Hopkins around. In naming Hopkins to the post of secretary of commerce, vacated only at Christmastime by the vet- eran official, Daniel C. Roper, Mr. Roosevelt has had to take the chance that the appointee would meet some razzing in senate con- firmation. That is a chance, of course, but Mr. Hopkins will be con- firmed after the boys in the senate have had their say. But there will be little opportunity for the anti- administration Democrats to sink their teeth into the Hopkins appoint- ment to the commerce Job. That department has less money to spread about perhaps than most important government jobs. Admin- istration friends in the senate, there- fore, can say with propriety that a razzing of Hopkins, as the com- merce nominee, is not to be in. dulged in because this is another job, not related to spending relief money. Appointment of Harr~ngton Another Strategic Move I am told on very good authority that this will be the strategy em- ployed when the Hopkins nomina- tion is under consideration. To all critics of Hopkins, the administra- tion friends simply will reply, in effect, "you wanted Hopkins out of the relief job. Now he is out, etc." It is undoubtedly a smart piece of politics and it will work-- for awhile. The President also strengthened his position in the coming battle w~h ctm~rmm by the appointment of Colonel Harrington. The colonel is a regular army engineer. He has been assistant chief engineer of WPA and knows the organization. And most important of all, Colonel Harrington leans somewhat to the conservative side, which makes him acceptable to most senators, even anti-administraUon Democrats. Mr. Roosevelt is taking no chances on any ruckus arising over Colonel Harrington, however, and has avoided it by a clever piece of detail. Colonel Harrington has been designated only as "acting WPA administrator." He will run the or- ganization as though he were full fledged on the job. The difference is that the designation of the colonel as acting administrator eliminates the requirement of a senate confir. marion. In other words, the senate can do nothing about the Hopkins successor unless it acts by special resolution. If the Harrington name had come in as a nomination, there could be wide open exposure of WPA tactics by the committee which would consider the nomina- tion. So it is plain to see that the President slipped away from his critics in this manner, The third angle of the strategy also is vital to the picture I am seeking to present. The chief dep- uty administrator under Hopkins has been Aubrey WKlinms. It was Williams, you may recall, who has made speeches and has advised WPA workers to "vote for your friends," to insist on federal pres- ervation of "Your rights," and R was he who said in a speech that he was inclined to believe that class hatred was a good thing. Many Attack~ on Relief Policies to Be Expected To keep Mr. Williams out of the clutches of the wolves around the capitol, Mr. Roosevelt took him off of the job of deputy relief adminis- trator and appointed him as direc- tor of the national youth adminis. tration. Again, the senate can get to Mr. Williams only if it is willing to adopt a special resolution for an investigation, and there is probably enough administration strength in the senate to block such a resolu- tion. The lines have not yet be~ tight. ly drawn in congress as a result of the sudden maneuver by the Presi- dent. There will be many attacks on the relief policies at an early date because the WPA must have something like $750,000,000 in addi- tional money before the middle of February, and that request will be laid before congress along with oth- er calls for money in the first de- ficiency bill. But Mr. Hopkins will be nesting comfortably in his pan- elled office on the fifth floor of the commerce department; he will be "completely detached" from WPA and so the controversy over voting the money will settle down to a mat- ter of principle without having too much personality in it. The appointment of Col. Harring- ton will be much advertised by ad- ministration supporters in order to help others forget that Hopkins once held the job. Colonel Harrington is accepted as a high grade man. His army associates know him as capa- ble and efficient and the critics of relief policies cannot help feeling that he will do a fairly good job. He has not engaged in politics, as Hopkins did, and thus is immune from that approach. Beneath the surface, plans are said to be under way to give the country a "correct impression" of the new WPA. Colonel Harrington is reported to be planning to do away with most of the boon dog- gling, sewing circles to make baby diapers, writers' projects, art proj- ects, what-else-have-you. He wants to use the WPA money for "con- structive purposes," Hopkins is Objectionable To a Mojority in Congress At the proper time, therefore, congress will learn of what is going to be done by the new administra- tor. And then comes the climax. The President again will ask congress to vote relief funds in bulk, in blank check, just as happened before. The members will be reassured by the administration concerning the abil- ity, honesty and soundness of plans of the administrator. Mr. Roose- velt is said to hope that the strategy wllI work. I doubt it, but stranger things have happened. There have been few times in my 20 years as a Washington observer that the feel- ing against a member of the execu- tive's staff has been so heated as it has grown to be concerning Hop- kins and the relief spending that he carried on. It will be recalled that he never minced words about con- gressional critics, and it ~ be re- membered, as well, that he sought to help the President "purge" a number of recalcitrant Democrats who were seeking re-election. It appears very strongly that Mr. Roosevelt has elevated to his cabi- net an individual thoroughly objec- tionable to a majority of congress and has, at the same time, provid- ed himself with a chance to get spending money again. He may not win with the maneuver, but he has caught a good many persoas off guard with the trick. But what of Hopkins as secretary of commerce, assuming that the name will be confirmed by the sen- ate? Well, Mr. Hopkins will draw his pay regularly on the first and fif- teenth of each month. He will be faithful in going to his office in the powerful automobile that is provid- ed by the government for the sec- retary of commerce. He will sign the papers which the secretary of commerce is required to sign be- cause somebody, holding subordi- nate positions and who knows what it is all about, will tell him that is their recommendation. Secretary of Commerce to Make 130,000 Appointments The patent office will run, as it always has run by itself, in a very efficient manner. The bureau of air commerce will be well managed be- cause it has capable people in sub- ordinate positions. The bureau of foreign and domestic commerce, the bureau of fisheries, the bureau of lighthouses and the others, or most of them, will get along with- out too much trouble because Mr. Hopkius probably will leave them alone. But we should not leave Mr. Hop- kins alone yet for the reason that late this year, or early In 1940, there will be about 130,000 appoint- ments to be made by the secretary of commerce. Next year is the pe- riod for the regular 10-year census and the personnel must be named. Next year also is a campaign Year, a national election. In the meantime, the business of the country which is supposed to receive encouragement and assist- ance from the department of com- merce will be allowed to indulge in hope. It will not be harrassed or spanked or threatened with major surgery beyond the Hopkins capac- Ity to do that sort of thing. WHtern ~ew~pape~ Unk~ ii -- & PERSONAL IBEDUCH up tO '/ l~eun~s weekly. 'Safe. 8tire, lnexpe~tsive. Chart, lngormauon/re~. Write Dr. W~NDT, CANTON, S. nAIL Easy Cutworlc Will Deliqht the Be rmer Pattern 6~37. Anyone who can do simple but- tonhole stitch (that's all cutwork is) can have lovely linens such as these. Here are a number of motifs suitable for those smaller useful linens--scarfs, towels, pil- low cases and tea cloths. Begin now. Pattern 6237 contains a transfer pattern of 14 motifs rang- ing from 3 by 3 inches to 3~/~ by 15 inches; materials needed; color schemes. To obtain this pattern, send 15 cents in coins to The Sewing Cir- cle, Household Arts Dept., 359 West 14th St., New York, N. Y. Please write your name, ad- dress and pattern number plainly. Shadowless Groundhog Groundhog day, February 2, is a perennial calendar joke on peo- ple who persist in belief in the Sign of the Shadow. For their little rodent prophet never fails to deceive them by sleeping while they watch. The groundhog is one of the soundest of all winter sleepers, and has never been known to emerge from his cozy winter quarters until long after his shadow could be a matter of public concern. He appears about the end of February in the more southerly part of his range, as late as May up in the mountainous northwest. --=, =,, ....... ~ _ " ,o o,t ,s i IMMUNE TO ACID INDIGESTION But Why Su~er? Here's h~ you can "All~lize" anytime-anywhere..fhs easy "Phillips'" w~y! SU F a fro ., head . :gas., . upsets and bfliousneu' ~e toAcid Indigestion---when now . ere is a way that relieves egce~ s~omaeh acid With incredible speed. ,Simply take two Phillips' Milk of ~Aagne~a Tablets at fl~t dan eg distress. Carry them with you-- take them unnoticed by others. Results are amazin,~. There's ne nausea or "bloated" feeling. It produces no "l~s" to embarrmu you and offend other~ "Acid tten" disappears. You feel ~reat. Get a bottle of liquid 'Thillii~'" far home use. And a box of Phillips' Milk of M~ reb/~ with you. But--.I~ sure any botffe PmL~ MILK OF iiAGliESlll . IN UQUI OS TAiiLEIr FORM J I You find them remounted la m~dumt, of o~ ~am _ma~ who don.t fssl they mu.t ~ tl~ quamy of thet~ ~~ It ~ m~ te im~ of tt~ mm~ ahant who ADVERT*laSS, .... I IIII